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Sample sociology research paper

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Avoid These 10 Phrases for a Better Resume. Everyone knows that a resume is one of the most important components of research paper, a job application. What many people may not realize is that it#39;s not just your past positions and accomplishments, but also the words you use to nate the great and the clue book report, describe those achievements, that can make a difference in paper how the nate the great book report, hiring manager or recruiter views you. In an attempt to make their resumes more appealing, job candidates may include extra information or use words they think sound impressive. But sometimes, those words will not have the desired effect and, in sample sociology research paper fact, may turn off hiring managers. Experts agree that these 10 phrases should be removed from your resume because they are overused, meaningless or outdated. If you have a higher degree, remove your GPA, especially if it is considered average or low, said Tim Davis, resource manager at closing staffing agency Kavaliro. Research Paper! For the most part, employers won#39;t even notice if it is not included on a resume. Paragraph! Only include GPA if a company specifically requests it on sociology research paper, the application. Instead, summarize your academic statuses or awards, Davis said. Keep any special academic statuses or awards you may have achieved during your time in school, he added.

Recognitions such as these show ambition and initiative. Rather than saying you#39;re driven by results, you should give examples of actual results, said Matt Doucette, director of global talent acquisition at Monster. List the results achieved, and outline how you accomplished them, he said. Work is all about essays, solving problems, said Mikaela Kiner, founder and sociology research, CEO of HR consulting firm uniquelyHR.The more important question is, what kind of problems, how complex are they and how do you solve them? Opt for words that describe your approach to pay for university coursework, problem solving, such as creative or analytical, Kiner added. Sample Paper! Years ago, an closing objective was considered a primary component of research paper, a resume. Today, however, objectives have lost their punch, said Janine Truitt, chief innovations officer at consulting firm Talent Think Innovations. Instead, candidates should summarize their skills based on the advertised job description, she said.

This phrase is meaningless because it doesn#39;t say what you actually accomplished, experts say. #39;I was responsible for o'neil, maintaining company X#39;s servers,#39; doesn#39;t give enough insight into what the sociology research, candidate did, said Neil Napier, CEO of job search company jobrack. Quantifying what you did and being clear would be better. For example, it would be better to write something like, Managed Company X#39;s servers for six months with Y technology . Napier also suggested alternative words, such as implemented or grew. Eugene O'neil! This word is drastically overplayed, said Adam Hatch, career adviser and hiring manager at ResumeGenius.com. Sample Sociology! If someone is a #39;dynamic#39; accountant, what does that mean? Flashy number crunching? Instead, Hatch suggested using words such as energetic, diligent and creative, which are more descriptive and meaningful. Kimberly Bishop, founder and nothing, CEO of Kimberly Bishop Executive Recruiting, said many resumes she has read include the phrase transformational leader, with no explanation of how the candidate was transformational.

That phrase is overused and doesn#39;t specifically mean anything that translates to a specific experience, Bishop said. My recommendation is to more specifically describe the skill set. 8. Microsoft Office (and other outdated tech terms) Technology is sample sociology changing constantly, and you want to prove that you#39;re up-to-date on the latest business software. Joey Price, CEO of Jumpstart:HR, said job seekers who include experience with Microsoft Office on their resumes set the nate the great and the clue, bar pretty low for themselves. Instead, be more specific about sample sociology, your skills, he said. Most HR managers expect you to already have familiarity with a software suite that has been around since [the beginning of] the eugene o'neil dog essays, internet, Price said. Dig deeper and share that you have experience with Visio, Project and Access more specialized software programs that can really pay off for sample, an employer. Like the once-ubiquitous objective, this formerly popular resume phrase has become outdated. Dawn Rasmussen, founder of Pathfinder Writing and Career Services, said hiring managers hate seeing resumes that say References available upon request. An employer already knows that most candidates will present their references without question when asked for them, she said.

Heather Huhman, founder and president of coursework, HR tech public relations firm Come Recommended, agreed. You#39;re wasting precious resume space by including a phrase that is sociology clearly understood and nate the great clue, implied, she said. If a hiring manager is interested in contacting your references, he or she will request the information from you, Huhman said. Paper! This phrase is clichéd and doesn#39;t really say anything, experts agree. Lear Essay! It sounds like a candidate who has been cooked, said Roy Cohen, a career counselor and executive coach. It also gives the impression that the person it is describing has been around for a while. Additional reporting by sociology paper Nicole Taylor. Nate And The Report! Some source interviews were conducted for a previous version of this article. Paper! Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. Closing Essay! She has worked at sample paper a newspaper and in the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily.

Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.

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How to research paper, build a smart Brand Plan everyone can follow. A Brand Plan gets everyone on the same page. Have you ever notice that those people who say “we need to get everyone on the same page” rarely have ONE page? People who use the term “few bigger bets” always seem to be fans of those small little projects that deplete resources. And, the nate and the phony book, person who says they are “good at decision-making” usually struggle when facing a decision and then try to justify both options. A smart plan should focus and organize the sociology research paper, team. Allocation of your limited resources. A smart Brand Plan makes choices in how to allocate your brand’s limited resources to nate and the phony report, drive the sample, biggest return.

The plan gains approval from senior management around spending, strategies, tactics, goals and eugene projects. The plan aligns, steers and inspires all functional areas of the organization including marketing, sales, finance, supply chain, product development, human resources and any outside agencies. And lastly, the sociology, Brand Plan even helps the Brand Manager who wrote it, to stay focused on delivering on what they said they would deliver. An effective Brand Plan answers where are we, why are we here, where could we be, how can we get there and what do we need to do. Once you answer these 5 strategic questions, you will see that you have your analysis, key issues, vision, goals strategies, execution and measurement. While there is a lot of work with our planning process, you will end up with a Brand Plan on ONE PAGE . Before you start in on project working on the Brand Plan, we recommend that you write 2-3 bullet points for each of the 5 strategic questions. This provides an outline to ensure the sample sociology, overall flow of the plan. Below is our recommended strategic worksheet:

Following our Brand Plan we recommend building your plan around the following elements of the plan: Start the planning process with a deep-dive business review that answers “where are we”, by looking at everything connected to the business including the category, consumer, competitors, channels and the brand. Here’s a link to our story on How to write essay, lead a deep-dive business review: How to sample sociology research paper, lead a deep-dive Business Review. From the deep-dive business review, summarize what is driving the business, what’s holding it back and then lay out the risks and eugene o'neil dog essays untapped opportunities. Try to focus on the top 3-4 points for each box below: The simplicity of sociology paper, this analysis sets up a starting point of the phony, Key Issues as the issues as you will want to paper, continue/enhance the growth drivers, minimize or reverse the inhibitors, avoid the risks and take advantage of the opportunities. When I see brand teams struggling, they usually lack a vision. As Yogi Berra once said “if you don’t know where you’re going, you might not get there”. The vision answers “where could we be” and becomes a beacon for everyone working on the brand. It is the pay for, one that defines your success.

If you achieved it, everyone would feel proud. We like to ask brand leaders: “if you woke up ten years from now and you were in a great mood because of what was happening on sample your business, what are the 2-3 things you would have achieved”. This gives you a straw dog vision, framed as a very large goal. We then provide some examples of the best-in-class vision statements to critical, see if sparks some creativity in writing a final vision statement. A good vision should scare you a little, but excite you a lot. It should be motivating and enticing to stretch your mind, while getting everyone focused. Ideally it is Qualitative (yet grounded in something) and quantitative (measurable).

It is perfectly fine to embed a financial ($x) or share position (#1) element into it as long as it is important for framing the vision. Sample Sociology. The vision should easy for everyone to understand and rally around. Nothing Essay. It should stand at least 5-10 years or more. It should be a balance of aspiration (stretch) and reality (achievement) A brand vision is not a positioning statement or strategic statement.

These both come later in the plan. Try to sample research, be single-minded in the statement. You do not need to write closing paragraph essay, include everything. Make sure you haven’t achieved it already. One tool we recommend with finding the key issues is to ask 4 questions that determine “why are you here”: What is your current COMPETITIVE position?

What is the CORE STRENGTH your brand can win on? How tightly CONNECTED is your consumer to your brand? What is the current business SITUATION your brand faces? Combine the deep dive analysis with the answers to these 4 questions and you will have a good start on your competitive, brand, consumer and situational issues. Take the vision statement and ask “what are all the things getting in the way of sociology research paper, achieving the vision?” Brainstorm every possible answer and then narrow down the list to the top 3-5 key issues. Once you have your top issues, write the john donne collection critical essays, key issues as questions, that sets up options for the strategy as the possible answers.

Strategy is sample research, always about the nothing lear essay, “how to get there”. At the strategic level, you have to make choices. When Marketers come to a decision point that requires focus, too many try to justify a way to do both. You have to decide. The best strategic marketers never divide and conquer. They make the sample, choices that help to focus and conquer. Donne Critical. Marketers always face limited resources in terms of dollars, time, people and partnerships. They have to apply those limited resources against unlimited choices in target market, brand positioning, strategic options and activities. Research Paper. The best Marketers are able to john collection essays, limit the sociology research, options through decision-making helps to match up to the limited resources.

The Love Curve can help pick your strategy. The Brand Love Curve guides your strategy. We have created a hypothetical “Brand Love Curve” to john collection, assess how tightly connected brands are with their consumers. Brands move along the curve from Indifferent to Like It to Love It and finally becoming a Beloved with consumers becoming outspoken fans, where demand becomes desire, needs become cravings and thinking is replaced with feelings. Sample. Brands use their connection with consumers to become more powerful against the very consumers who love them, against nothing king essay the channels who carry them and against the competitors trying to beat them. With that added power, brands gain more profit through price, cost, share and sample paper market size. Where you sit on the Brand Love Curve influences your next major strategic move. Donne Collection Essays. At the Indifferent stage, focus on sample paper establishing your brand in the consumers mind. You have to create an coursework opinion. Sample Sociology. At the Like It stage, consumers see you as a rational choice. There needs to be strategic work to separate your brand from the pack to generate a following.

For the lear essay, Love It stage, the focus should be on sample research tugging at the heart-strings of nate report, your consumers to drive a deeper connection with those who love you. Sample Research. And, at the Beloved stage, the strategy has to continue the magic of the brand and get your loyalists to speak on the brand’s behalf. Dog Essays. Mobilize the sociology paper, brand fans as advocates. Use the nothing king lear essay, Brand Love Curve to sample paper, focus your strategy. While you will come up with your own unique strategies, we have used the Brand Love Curve to john essays, map out sample sociology 20 core brand strategies to begin playing with. Don’t try to do two things at once. The biggest strategic flaw of most brand plans is trying to king lear essay, drive penetration and usage frequency at the same time. This is research, a classic case of dog essays, trying to get away with doing two things instead of sociology research, picking just one. Look at how different these two options really are and project management you will see the drain on the resources you will experience by trying to do both.

A penetration strategy gets someone with very little experience with your brand to paper, likely consider dropping their current brand to pay for university, try you once and sample sociology research paper see if they like it. A usage frequency strategy gets someone who knows your brand to change their behavior in relationship to your brand, either changing their current life routine or substituting your brand into a higher share of the occasions. Donne Critical. By doing both, you will be targeting two types of consumers at the same time, you will have two main messages and you will divide your resources against two groups of sample sociology research, activities that have very little synergy. If you are really strategic, pick one, not two. As we wrote our key issues in question format, then the strategy becomes the answer. King Lear. Look how they match up. “What do we need to do to get there” matches up marketing execution activity to the brand strategy, looking at sample sociology, communicating the brand story, managing the eugene o'neil, consumer towards the sample paper, purchase moment, launching new product innovation and delivering the the great and the clue book report, brand experience. We use our Big Idea to drive each of sample research paper, these key areas of the brand. To read more, click on this link:

How to use a Big Idea to capture the o'neil dog essays, consumer’s mind and heart. Marketing Execution has to make your brand stronger. It has to create a bond with consumers who connect with the soul of the sample paper, brand, it establishes your brand’s reputation based on a distinct positioning and it influences consumers to alter their behavior to think, feel or act, making the brand more powerfully connected, eventually leading to higher sales, share and eugene o'neil profit. Start with a Consumer Buying System that can match your brand’s Marketing execution to where your consumer stands with your brand. Focus your marketing activities by prioritizing on return on investment and effort (ROI and ROE). For each strategy, you want to find the “Big Easy”. Start by putting all your ideas on to post it notes, then map each idea onto the grid as to whether they will have a BIG versus SMALL impact on sample sociology paper the business, and whether they are EASY versus DIFFICULT. The top ideas will be in eugene the BIG EASY top right corner. The goal of this activity is to sociology paper, narrow your focus to the best 3 activities. A good marketing execution plan should have:

A plan is not complete without project plans that include the project owner, project budget, goals, milestones and hurdles. The power of 3’s: As we said earlier, the o'neil dog essays, plan is sociology paper, about making decisions. We recommend that you narrow your effort down to 3 strategies and then 3 tactics for each strategy. That means 9 core projects for each brand to focus their resources on during the project management syllabus, year. Compare the subtle difference that 5 strategies with 5 tactics for each strategy explodes into research paper, 25 projects that might cripple your brand’s resources. By doing less number, you will be focusing your limited resources on making each project has a big impact. When your team lacks time to do everything with full passion, they run the risk of write closing paragraph, turning out OK work that fails to sample sociology paper, connect with your consumers.

While we love the Plan on a Page, we have also created a 20-page brand plan format that lays out everything a plan should include. Vision: What do you want your brand to be in eugene o'neil dog essays the next 5-10 years? Vision gives everyone on the brand a clear direction, it should be measurable (quantitative) and motivating (qualitative). It should push you so much that it scares you a little, but excites you a lot. Goals: What do you need to achieve?

Specific measures of paper, brand health and wealth, related to consumer/customer behavioral changes, metrics of key programs, performance targets or milestones on the pathway to the vision. It’s the brand scoreboard. Key Issues: What is getting the way from achieving your vision/goals? Deep analysis highlights what’s driving and holding brand back, as well as future risks and untapped opportunities. Issues are asked as a question to john critical essays, provide the problem to which strategies become the solution.

Strategies: How can we get there? Strategies are the “How” you will win the market. Choices based on market opportunities, using consumers, competitors or situational. Strategies should have a pin-pointed focus providing a breakthrough on the pathway to the brand vision. Tactics: What do we need to sociology paper, do to execute the strategy? Framed completely by strategy, tactical choices deploy your limited resources against brand projects, the project syllabus, most efficient way to drive a high ROI. At Beloved Brands, our purpose is to help brands find a new pathway to research, growth. We believe that the clue book report, more love your brand can generate with your most cherished consumers, the sample research, more power, growth and profitability you will realize in the future. The best solutions are likely inside you already, but struggle to come out. Our unique engagement tools are the backbone of paragraph, our strategy workshops. These tools will force you to think differently so you can freely generate many new ideas.

We use our challenging voice to sample sociology paper, help you make decisions and university refine every potential idea. We start by defining a brand positioning statement, outlining the sample sociology, desired target, consumer benefits and support points the king lear, brand will stand behind. And then, we build a big idea that is sample sociology paper, simple and unique enough to stand out in the clutter of the market, motivating enough to write paragraph, get consumers to engage, buy and build a loyal following with your brand. Finally, the big idea must influence employees to personally deliver an outstanding consumer experience, to help move consumers along the journey to loving your brand. We will help you write a strategic brand plan for the future, to get everyone in research paper your organization to follow. Project Management. It starts with an inspiring vision that pushes your team to research paper, imagine a brighter future. Project Syllabus. We use our strategic thinking tools to help you make strategic choices on sample research paper where to allocate your brand’s limited resources. Paragraph Essay. We work with your team to build out project plans, creative briefs and sample sociology paper provide advice on marketing execution.

We make brand leaders smarter, so they can unleash their full talent potential. We believe that investing in your marketing people will pay off. With smarter people behind your brands will drive higher revenue growth and book report profits. With our brand management training program, you will see smarter strategic thinking, more focused brand plans, brand positioning, better creative briefs that steer your agencies, improved decision-making on marketing execution, smarter analytical skills to assess your brand’s performance and a better management of the profitability of the sample paper, brand. To learn more about our training programs, click on nothing king essay this link: Beloved Brands Training. If you need our help, email me at graham@beloved-brands.com or call me at 416 885 3911. Graham spent 20 years in Brand Management leading some of the world’s most beloved brands at Johnson and Johnson, General Mills and Coke, rising up to VP Marketing. Sample Research. In his career, he has won numerous Advertising, Innovation and Leadership awards. Dog Essays. Graham played a major role in helping JJ win Marketing Magazine’s prestigious “Marketer of the Year” award. Graham brings a reputation for challenging brand leaders to paper, think differently and to be more strategically focused.

Graham founded Beloved Brands in phony clue book 2010, to help brands find growth and make brand leaders smarter. He leads workshops to help define your Brand Positioning, build your brand’s Big Idea, and sample research write strategic Brand Plans that motivate and focus everyone that works on the brand. Our Beloved Brands training programs will help your team, produce exceptionally smart work work that drives stronger brand growth and profits. We cover everything a brand leader needs to know including strategic thinking, planning, positioning, execution and analytics. Our robust client roster has included the NFL Players Association, Reebok, the NBA, Acura, Shell, Miller Lite, 3M, Jack Link’s and Pfizer. His weekly brand stories have generated over 5 million views. This is john donne essays, great stuff wish more marketing professionals will use this as a check list in deveoping branding plans and base their plans on detailed analysis and sample sociology mapping as you suggest. There is great learning value i this Graham.

The only sensible stuff I ahve seen on university coursework the marketing communication group. Anneliz Hannan · June 25, 2012 at sociology research, 7:44 am. You have constructed a substantial tutorial on writing and nate the great phony clue book executing a brand plan. Research. The slides are clear and easy to university coursework, follow. Thank you for sample, wrapping it up in such a nice package. Lear. The gift is appreciated. Mmabatho · June 25, 2012 at 10:05 am.

Graham, very insightful and educational..thanks! BettiBlue · June 26, 2012 at 3:58 am. Love it, would be good if you allow to re-embed to our blogs. Francoise Luca · June 26, 2012 at research paper, 9:03 am. Brilliant!

The kind of branding advice marketing gurus like Al Ries Jack Trout endorse. This article is a must read for the C-suite and marketeers. Thanks for sharing your branding wisdom. Ana Maria Leon · June 26, 2012 at 8:19 pm. Thank you very much. just on time, it comes as from heaven , it will be very useful, ritesh mahajan · June 27, 2012 at 1:18 am. really very insightful; article. it captures all the essentials in very easy words. Thanks. Jack lam · June 28, 2012 at 6:30 am.

It is a very reasonable plan ….. I really like it ,thanks. Renato Gentile Rocha · June 28, 2012 at 10:19 am. Great article, Graham! There are lots of people making mistakes about what branding management means, and this is a simple (not simplistic) way to john donne collection, wake them up for the real deal. Thank you for sharing. momversusmarketer · June 29, 2012 at paper, 10:05 am. Good stuff Graham. As FMCG marketers we take this process as a given, but there are MANY other industries that could use the discipline.

Even small business owners should be thinking in these terms… all too often they take their businesses where the wind takes them (sometimes into project management syllabus, rough waters that could have been avoided!) as opposed to steering the ship. I’ve passed your post on to a number of people who I think could use it! This is sample sociology paper, very organized and structured guidance. Great ! Many thanks. amjad khan · July 1, 2012 at eugene, 7:28 am. I really enjoyed reading this. It helps me brainstorm more. Jeff Berezny (@tentsocial) · July 2, 2012 at sample sociology paper, 11:46 pm. Solid and simple. Great, tried and true structure with application across industries. Great summary!

simonhamer · July 3, 2012 at the great and the clue, 3:13 pm. Well done. That’s a great body of work, especially like the arrowed bit in the middle to stimulate thinking and clarify where the business is headed. Makarand Bhave · July 10, 2012 at 3:14 am. Super insight indeed!! Thanks a lot. tparmstrong@gmail.com · July 10, 2012 at 7:40 am. Very well done. Thank you for offering this up.

Chuck Williams · July 11, 2012 at 2:40 pm. I think this really outlines the basic fundamentals for brand planning. The only aspect that I would like to add is the sales function. Where is the placement planned, what is the sociology research paper, competition, and how are they promoted? Too many times the sales function is not brought into the initial planning, and nothing gets done until it gets on management the shelf.

beloved brands · July 11, 2012 at 6:15 pm. Hi Chuck, Thanks for contributing. I’m certainly in sample sociology research paper favour of involving the sales team at every stage of the planning process so that the distribution strategy is a big component of the plan. In my process, it would be one of the critical essays, key strategies and likely have a specific execution of the plan. Sample Sociology. One of the things that many sales teams have liked about this process is having a plan on a page which still feels unique to o'neil, many. Keep making your contributions. I do think the challenge you bring forward adds value to this discussion. Palash Bhowmik · January 7, 2013 at 11:06 am. Really a gre8 work done, in a very simple way with a lot of insight. But to add some points, will more appreciate, if some insight will be added- on how to sample sociology research, creat confidence internally (employees, supply chain, channel partner) on brand value, before launching in pay for university coursework the market.

This is great stuff. I like how you’ve tweaked the chestnut of SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) into sample sociology research paper, Drivers, Inhibitors, etc. More forward thinking. Have a question though: What are you considering “Gross Margin?” Is that the fee/and or markup for the ad agency or “contingencies?” beloved brands · June 8, 2013 at john collection essays, 10:48 am. Gross Margin = Selling Price – Cost to Deliver (or cost of goods sold if it’s a product) Thanks for reading, Diane Huth · March 23, 2016 at 1:49 am. Awesome content – very well developed, visually interesting, strong.

I am a university marketing and branding professor (as well as a brand marketer as my day job), and sociology paper have found this to be one of the very best sites and critical plan templates I have ever seen. Great job! Signed up for the email newsletter – look forward to hearing more from you! sammyacquahm · July 3, 2016 at 1:15 pm. Amazing… I needed this badly. Thank you. Comments: have your say Cancel reply. Sign up to get Beloved Brands news stories. Sign up to our monthly Beloved Brands newsletter. To see all our presentations on the Beloved Brands Slideshare site. The six ways for Marketers to go from good to GREAT.

Share this with your network of Marketers GREAT Brand Leaders focus, represent the consumer, match fundamentals with instinct, inspire others, create other great leaders and leave a legacy. 1.GREAT Brand Leaders push to make focused Read more How to build your marketing career behind your core strength. Share this with your network of MarketersJust like a brand, we each bring a core strength as a marketing leader. It may be based on your natural skills, your leader behaviors or the experiences you Read more Too busy to sample research, write a Creative Brief? Then, at least write a Mini Creative Brief.

Share this with your network of Marketers With social media, digital advertising and search media, things are moving faster than ever. Nothing Lear. You still need a Creative Brief. However, you might need to try our Mini Read more

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PPM (project and portfolio management) PPM (project and portfolio management) is a formal approach that an organization can use to orchestrate, prioritize and benefit from projects. This approach examines the risk-reward of each project, the available funds, the likelihood of a project's duration, and the expected outcomes. A group of sample sociology decision makers within an organization, led by a Project Management Office director, evaluates the returns, benefits and prioritization of each project to determine the best way to invest the organization’s capital and human resources. This complimentary document comprehensively details the elements of a strategic IT plan that are common across the board – from identifying technology gaps and risks to allocating IT resources and eugene o'neil capabilities. The SearchCIO.com team has compiled its most effective, most objective, most valued feedback into this single document that’s guaranteed to help you better select, manage, and track IT projects for superior service delivery.

By submitting your personal information, you agree that TechTarget and its partners may contact you regarding relevant content, products and special offers. You also agree that your personal information may be transferred and processed in the United States, and that you have read and agree to the Terms of sociology Use and the Privacy Policy. PPM does not involve running the project management projects, but it does involve choosing which projects to execute and how to fund them. The PPM group will examine each potential project to first determine if the project is supporting the goals and objectives of the business. Projects that fail this first criteria are eliminated from selection. The PPM group will also examine the sample paper interconnections and contingencies among projects.

These relationships can affect the ranking, prioritization, funding and selection of projects within the portfolio. Finally, the john donne critical essays PPM group will monitor projects that are motion. Poorly performing projects may affect other projects within the portfolio, so a consistent monitoring of portfolio projects is research needed. Project Selection Methods. PPM can rely on a project steering committee to help determine where to lear essay best to utilize the organization’s funds in project for a return on investment (ROI). Project selection often relies of the research paper time value of money as an input to the project selection process. Time value of money uses a formula to determine either the present value or future value of a project based on some given assumptions. Here are the three most common time value of donne money formulas: Future Value=Present Value (1+i) n where i represents the interest rate and n represents the number of time periods for the project. For example a project requires $525,000 as its budget and sociology will last for two years. If the interest rating were six percent the formula would read FV=$525,000(1.06) 2 and donne critical essays would be solved as: FV=$525,000(1.124) which equals $589,890.

This means that $525,000 today will be worth $589,890 two years from now at sociology six percent interest. If the project will be less than this future amount of money then it is not a good investment for write closing the organization. Present Value=Future Value/(1+i) n where i represents the interest rate and n represents the number of time periods for the project. This formulas determines what the assumed future value of the project is worth today. For example, a project that is believed to be worth $4,500,000 upon completion in four years at six percent interest would be written in the formula as: Present Value = $4,500,000/(1+.06)4 and sample sociology research would be solved as: Present Value =$4,500,000/(1.262) which equals $3,564,421.48. This means that if the project needs more than $3,564,421.48 to complete it is not a good investment for the organization.

Net Present Value. This benefits measurement technique is used for projects that will have benefits and value each years the project is in project, existence. Consider a world-wide organization that will be updating its plant equipment across the globe for new efficiencies. The upgrade of the equipment won’t happen in all of its production sites at one time, but will be spread over five years. Sample Research. As soon as the first plant receives the and the clue book new equipment there are benefits from the sample research paper project for that plant. As more and more facilities receive the new equipment the pay for coursework benefits will accumulate for the organization. Net Present Value finds the Present Value for each year of the project and sample sociology research paper considers the cash outlay needed to complete the project and predicts the actual worth of the project. These project selection methods are all financial-based decisions and do not consider the write closing essay need of the solution, regulations, efficiency and productivity measurements. PPM will consider the financial requirements of the project and the other needs for each project. While the financial concern is just one aspect of selecting a project to be included in the organization’s portfolio is it a major concern because PPM manages the given budget for all project endeavors. Organizational Maturity Models.

A maturity model describes how well an sample sociology organization can select, manage, and complete the projects within its portfolio. The more mature a company becomes then the selection and completion of successful projects becomes more and exact. Organizations that have shallow experience with selecting, prioritizing, and project management monitoring projects within the portfolio are more apt to sample sociology have inconsistent results within their portfolio. Over time the process matures through refinement, experience, and education. There are five levels of PPM and the associated maturity model (each higher layer includes the attributes of the lower layer):

Level One: Reactive. Nothing King. This level has no formal project management tools, projects have cost estimates, and management directives are based on the most-needed projects first. Sample Sociology Research. Younger organizations or organizations with a more entrepreneurial bent are likely to critical essays be at this level of sample PPM. Level Two: Emerging Discipline. An organization at donne this level at least a PMO (Project Management Office), ensures that all project directly support an organizational strategy, there is a prioritization to the initialized projects, and the project managers are following a defined set of project management processes across all projects in the portfolio.

Level Three: Initial Integration. The organization uses programs (collections of projects) within its PPM, has clearly defined project manager and research paper program manager roles, functional departments collaborate across the organizational structure, and a PPM manager, project officer, and/or project steering committee exists. Layer Four: Effective Integration. The organization leverages different knowledge sets from across the organization, benefits from each project is monitored, tracked, and forecasted, and king essay the project portfolio is sociology modeling for pay for university coursework risk, reward, and return on investment for the collection of projects. Layer Five: Effective Innovation. At the highest level of the PPM maturity all project changes and communications flow through an Enterprise PMO, the PPM projects are quickly rolled out (as compared to lower levels of the model), and sociology paper project managers are given a steady stream of management smaller projects for faster, more probable, success rates.

In addition to each layer of the maturity models leadership is to examine the sample paper probability of success for each project, perform lessons learned, and make adaptations to improve the flow of the projects throughout the o'neil enterprise. Managing Risks within PPM. Risk is an uncertain event that can have a negative or a positive outcome. In PPM, risk management must considered, as each project could be successful or could fail. The risk-reward ratio describes the probability and sample research impact for each investment of the PPM. Some projects may have a low probability of failing, but also a low impact or return for john collection critical the investment. Other projects may carry more unknown factors that carry a heavier probability of failure, but if they are successful could bring about a significant reward for the company’s investment. PPM typically distribute their risk by investing in some projects that carry more risk and projects that carry lower risks of failure. The risk-reward is examined for each project and for the collection of projects in sample, the portfolio.

There are two tools that are commonly used to predict, analyze, and balance risk within PPMs: Monte Carlo Simulation: named after games of chance in Monte Carlo, this approach uses computer software to show every possible outcomes of combination of factors. O'neil. By simulating different factors the software can show extreme outcomes, both positive and negative, and more-likely outcomes for the project decisions. Monte Carlo Simulations are finding the probability distribution for a set of possible scenarios and different combinations of likely outcomes. Decision Tree Analysis: when selecting multiple project to sample research invest in a PPM can use a decision tree approach to nate and the clue book report find the paper probability and success of each project. This analysis studies the nothing king lear likelihood of success for each project and determines the sociology research value of the write essay project success and the value of the project failure (failure is a negative amount). These probability values allow the PPM to then determine the expected value of each project to make the best financial investment based on the risk of investing in each project. Risk analysis within PPM examines the sociology risk of dog essays doing, or not doing, the project. This is where a quantitative value of sample research paper actually doing the management project must outweigh the capital needed to do the project. A study into paper, the value of the project examines both the anticipated efficiency and the productivity the project may bring the organization. A common risk, especially in IT, is the assumption that a new software or hardware solution will make the organization more efficient and therefore will make the organization more productive.

Just because an organization can be more efficient does not mean there is more productivity – or even a demand to be more productive. Risk identification is an ongoing process to try to capture all of the possible risk events that could affect the projects. Each risk then is quickly analyzed for pay for university probability and impact through qualitative risk analysis. Qualitative risk analysis quickly examines the risk event to justify further analysis on the risk. If the risk qualifies it then moves onto the more in-depth study called quantitative analysis. Quantitative risk analysis aims to quantify the true probability of success or failure and its financial impact if the risk comes into fruition. Continue Reading About PPM (project and portfolio management) Find more PRO+ content and other member only offers, here. By submitting you agree to receive email from TechTarget and sample sociology its partners. If you reside outside of the United States, you consent to having your personal data transferred to and processed in the United States.

Privacy. Please create a username to comment. Drone regulations evolve as enterprise adoption heats up. With enterprises embracing drone use to gain competitive advantage, the FAA is easing up on compliance rules targeting drones' . How climate change threats can inform cybersecurity strategies. There are several parallels between climate-related threats to critical infrastructure and data risk. Eugene. Can the research paper connection help . Drone industry finds ally, watchdog in the FAA. As the use of drones continues to expand, regulators are trying to make sure rules governing the nothing king lear essay burgeoning drone industry ensure. Healthcare payer-provider links sweeping into sample sociology research paper, industry. Health IT vendors and healthcare providers and insurance payers gathered at Chilmark Research's Convergence 2017 conference to . Benefits of john donne artificial intelligence include clinical support. Artificial intelligence adoption in healthcare allows hospital staff to monitor patients at home and sociology target potential new . 2017 hurricanes show importance of telehealth in a disaster. In the wake of an extremely active hurricane season, telehealth providers are ensuring that patients in affected areas can get . IaaS benefits broaden as public cloud market evolves.

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30+ Best Resume Tips: That Will Get You Noticed and sample Hired. Have you recently sent out 15 or more resumes, only to get a single interview . Sound familiar? If so, you’re not alone. Yet, with just a few tweaks, your resume can get you a leg up on other candidates. Collection Essays! I’ve compiled the best resume tips and strategies into this quick-fire guide. These resume techniques will help you stand out, get more interviews, and sample sociology research land the job you really want. The best resume tips and tricks help you stand out to employers quickly. (source graphic) Note this post is part of our multi-part series on How to Create a Great Resume (Ultimate Guide) . Pay For! Here is our featured tutorial in this series, which is sample sociology research paper a great starting point: Now let's jump into this collection of over 30 top resume tips and management syllabus tricks to sample sociology help polish your resume and essay improve your results. Important Strategy Tips For Preparing to sample research Make Your Resume. 1. Read the Job You’re Applying for.

Tailor your resume to every job application. Read the job ad line by line. Nate And The Report! Highlight phrases used repeatedly, company culture hints, and anything that resonates strongly with your career experience. “Include their ‘About Us ’ page, company news, and annual revenue reports in sample research, your research. Eugene Dog Essays! These sources are a treasure trove of clues about company culture, goals, and challenges,” says Sarah Dowzell, COO Natural HR. Are you applying for sample sociology research paper a job in king lear essay, the U.S.? Is it an sample sociology paper, academic, scientific, or government job?

Did they ask for a resume or curriculum vitae (CV)? Read the application instructions. If you’re not sure which one to send, check out donne collection essays, this guide: 3. Don’t Have All the Skills Required? No Problem! Do you pass on job opportunities where you don’t have all the skills they’re looking for? Big mistake. Sociology! Companies know there's no candidate with ALL the skills and characteristics they want.

Besides, they also get tons of applications from total beginners. So what’s wrong with lacking one or two skills they’re asking for? Nothing, so don’t let it stop you. It all comes down to how valuable you can be to project their team, based on research paper your resume. Emphasize your soft and transferable skills. If you have the experience they need, but not in a company setting, that’s okay. Side projects, volunteer experience, and academic work or projects still count. 4. John Critical! Don’t Write Your Whole Life Story. Your resume isn’t a diary detailing all the job titles and sociology research duties you ever had. Eugene! Think of it as a concise snapshot of your present career and future potential. 5. Sample Sociology Research Paper! Put the Impressive Stuff ‘ Above the Fold’ ‘Above the fold’ refers to the area people see before having to scroll down.

In print, it refers to the first half of the document, or the upper half of a folded newspaper. This is the first part recruiters see after reading your resume. Use it well. Don’t waste space with a big header for your name and contact details. It’s common practice to put this information at the top anyway, so you don’t have to use a big font. This professional resume template has a personalized header, but keeps the space used to a minimum, so your summary statement and work experience stand out above the fold: Write a good hook—an achievement, skill, or even a teaser question that will intrigue the recruiter to donne collection essays read further. Numbers stand out in sample paper, a sea of pay for, text, it also makes your writing easier to sample sociology research read.

Add numbers, statistics, percentages, metrics, or ranges, to nothing king any skill or achievement in your resume to make it more concrete. Range : Supervised 5 to sample paper 9 IT associates while we developed a Fintech app for budgeting and investments. Eugene O'neil! Savings : Streamlined debugging process of new software, saving over 25 hours of work per month. Frequency : Evaluated 7 website themes submitted by freelancers and in-house designers per week. Results : 20% increase in ROI, while growing inbound traffic by research paper 60,000 pageviews in the last year. Write Closing Paragraph! 7. When Possible, Put Numbers at the Start. Power words are… well, powerful but only if used in the right context and frequency.

Don’t forget these resume tips and tricks when using power words: Check the word’s definition in sample research paper, a dictionary. Don’t just use it because it sounds impressive. Don’t use words like ‘ revolutionize ,’ ‘ pioneer’ or ‘ dissuade’ if you can’t substantiate them, or if there are simpler words available. Poor Example of Using Power Words : Doesn’t ‘ revolutionize’ sound too much for this context? Don’t use power words on the great clue book report every bullet in your resume. Avoid power words that are hard to comprehend. Understand the nuances of your chosen power word. For example, ‘ correspond ’ means you communicated through email or letters. Communicate refers to both verbal and non-verbal communication. Check out the downloadable power words I created for this guide: Writing soft skills like ‘good communication,’ ‘problem-solving,’ and ‘ leadership ’ is a waste of time. Recruiters are immune to this.

Yes, these skills are still important. But it’s better to prove you have these skills by subtly incorporating them into your resume. Only show the most recent and relevant job titles you’ve held. Don’t waste valuable space for jobs you held in research, an industry you’ve already left. Lear! Remove job titles irrelevant to your current professional goals. This frees up space to boost your qualifications with more skills, achievements, or certifications. I often refer friends to companies where I have an inside source, so I read lots of resumes.

Until now, lots of them still use a career objective that sounds like a wish list of what they want. Skip the objective. Write a summary or career highlights instead. Limit it to 7 one-sentence bullets so recruiters don’t gloss over this part. If you don’t want to write a customized resume for paper every job application, re-write this part at least. For more information on this topic: 12. Maximize the First 3 Words of Your Bullets. In writing, I often read that the first three words and last three words are what people remember most in headlines. I think the same logic applies when it comes to writing bullets in your resume, because recruiters don’t read the whole document word for word. Use numbers, results, or power words to make your first three words count.

Don’t waste it on a preposition or article like ‘ the.’ Don’t use cliches like “creative,” “motivated ,” and “passionate.” They’re so overused that they’ve lost their meaning. Here are the top 10 buzzwords to replace in pay for coursework, your resume, courtesy of LinkedIn’s 2016 Global Buzzwords list: Top buzzwords to sample sociology remove from your resume. 14. Use S.A.R. Format in project, Writing Achievements. “To increase shopping cart value, I implemented an upselling strategy, resulting in a 5% increase in sales.” You can also invert the formula to lead with the results: R.A.S. R.A.S. Example - Leading With Results. “5% increase in sales after implementing an upselling strategy for an e-commerce shopping cart.” A little mystery is a good thing. “You want the reader to say to themselves, ‘Hmm… I am impressed this candidate had a 15% reduction in turnover, but how did he do that?’” says Sudermann. Don’t give away you best trade secrets. That curiosity is your bait in luring employers to sociology research call you.

If they know what to do, what’s the sense in hiring you? It also lessens the ‘ wow ’ factor of what you achieved, especially if they’re already familiar with your strategy. Syllabus! Add online courses and short seminars on the education section of sample sociology research paper, your resume. Don’t worry if it’s not taught in person, or conducted by a well-known institution. Online education is widely recognized nowadays so free and nothing essay paid courses even from online providers carry weight. If you took a course on Adobe Photoshop, MS Excel, or any other skill, don’t hesitate to include it as long as it’s relevant to your job. Your resume should reflect interesting tidbits about your personality.

Why? Because high-achievers are interesting people with diverse hobbies and sample sociology research interests. Employers often interview candidates because something in management, their resume caught their eyes. Sometimes, these can come in sample research paper, the form of nothing king, a sport, book, movie, side project, or volunteer activity. Sample Research Paper! Some hobbies demonstrate skills related to nothing king lear essay your job, such as how archery teaches focus and painting enhances creativity. Sociology Research! These activities do double duty to make you look both interesting and write essay qualified for the job. Allow your personality to sample sociology paper shine through in your resume. This stylish resume template has features to and the showcase your professional experience and sample sociology research paper skills, but also includes a What I Like hobbies section: Sprinkle references to project books you’ve read, sports you play, volunteer activities, and even places you’ve traveled in your resume and cover letter.

18. Beware of Controversial Interests. Did you help a candidate during a political campaign? Or maybe you raised money to support a church’s restoration. Both demonstrate your work ethic and willingness to help. But those efforts could be used to discriminate against you by someone who doesn’t agree with the cause. Tips for Better Resume Formatting. Good formatting increases your resume’s readability and sample sociology research helps focus attention on the most important parts of it. O'neil Dog Essays! Should you use single space or double space between job entries? Pick one and stick to it.

If you want to combine different spacing, make sure it’s consistent between different elements. For instance, no spacing between bulleted points but double spacing between two sections (i.e. education and work history). Every profession has multiple skill sets related to it. Sample Sociology! For instance, a UX designer has coding, design, illustration, and administrative skills, just to name a few. Dividing these skills into different lists then itemizing what’s included in each clarifies your qualifications and squeezes more keywords into university coursework, your resume. It’s also easier to read this way. Start your professional history with your current or previous job. Sample Paper! Don’t hide your employment dates using a functional resume, unless you have a long job gap or a similar situation that necessitates it. Limit your resume to two pages.

Any more than that and you run the risk of some pages not getting the attention it deserves. People read from left to right, so it’s easier if most of your text, except the and the phony, dates, are aligned left. Using center and justified alignment also makes your resume hard to read because the eyes need to scan for where the sample sociology research, text starts again, instead of just starting immediately at the left most part of the page. 25. Job Title or Company Name: Pick Which One to Bold. Format your job title in bold to emphasize career progression between the job titles you’ve held.

If your career progression isn’t evident after a quick scan of your professional history, just emphasize your employer’s name. You can also do this to write paragraph essay highlight employment from big companies. Tips for Improving Your Resume Design. Sample Paper! White space is breathing room for the eyes. It makes your resume skimmable and less overwhelming to eugene o'neil dog essays read, which is always a plus for sociology research recruiters who spend all day reading applications. It’s a sneaky way to insert keywords into your resume, so I suggest putting these invisible keywords on the document’s footer to avoid detection.

Using the company logo’s color theme shows you did your research, and that you’re also passionate about the job. 29. Syllabus! Send a Traditional PDF, Even if You Have an Infographic or Creative Resume. Creative resumes can help you stand out and get noticed. We have many resume templates with high quality, beautiful styles on Envato Market, such as those curated in these articles: 25 Creative Resume Templates: To Land a New Job in Style. 15 Creative, Infographic Resume Templates. Staffing firm The Creative Group polled more than 400 U.S. marketing and sample advertising executives, and nate phony book found that 78% of sample sociology paper, them still prefer traditional resumes in PDF and word format. Creative resumes can help you stand out but unless you have an o'neil dog essays, insider, there’s no way to know for sure if an sociology paper, employer prefers them over traditional resumes. Just to be safe, send a PDF or word file resume even if your main resume is an infographic or video. There are also a number of nate phony book, professional resume templates on sample research Envato Market with traditional and more modern styles.

And many easy to customize designs that can be exported to both PDF and Word formats. Here is nothing king essay a simple resume template, with minimal infographic elements: It’s impossible to show all your qualifications in two pages, so take advantage of sample sociology research paper, LinkedIn, portfolio sites, and personal websites. Just cover all the important details and university coursework accomplishments on your resume, and then let your online assets do the rest. Sample Research Paper! A printed portfolio of your works and a recommendation letter from an influencer are also good resume supplements. 31. Don’t Give them Reason to university Toss Your Resume.

Busy C-executives aren't the only ones guilty of this. Many recruiters read resumes with the intention of weeding out sample sociology research paper, applicants instead of qualifying them. After receiving hundreds of pay for, resumes with similar qualifications, it’s hard to blame them. A recruiter’s job is to look for sample sociology the best candidate, not the average. Scrub your resume clean of typos and dull job responsibilities.

Emphasize what makes you unique. “If your online presence is extensive and impressive enough, tell the recruiter to Google you to get a sense of write essay, your accomplishments,” says Herle. Research! This is applicable to all applicants, not just freelancers, writers, developers, and designers whose work are often available online. Use your name, job title, and the word ‘ resume ’ as the document’s file name. That will make it easier for the recruiter to find your job application, after you follow-up or send them a thank you note. Improve Your Resume One Step at project a Time. I know reading everything suggested on this list is overwhelming. Doing it all is even more tiring, so take it one step at a time. Some of sociology research paper, these resume tips take a few seconds to finish, while others might take half an hour—or more. You don’t have to university do it all at once. Make a few tweaks, then leave it at that and just pick up where you left off the research, next day. Improve your resume one step at critical a time.

Learn more about paper, how to make a great resume in our ultimate guide. Envato Tuts+ tutorials are translated into other languages by our community membersyou can be involved too!

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coca cola resume Coca-Cola bottle concept by Andrew Kim takes up less space than traditional round bottles and comes with a cool collapsible design for easy recycling. As an paper, added bonus, each bottle features an opening at the bottom that allows multiple bottles to be stacked. This increases efficiency during transportation and reduces the amount of nothing king lear space needed for storage. Great concept, I think more aesthetically pleasing and neater than the old plastic bottle shape. And a bit more beneficial to sample research, the environment too. Hopefully going into dog essays, the shop and sociology picking up one of nate phony book these will be a reality soon. A collapsed bottle has the same amount of plastic as a bottle that isn’t collapsed. I don’t understand how this bottle leaves a “smaller carbon footprint”.. @Sachawinter: this design will consume less space, means, one container will loads more coke, which in paper, turn less transportation cost, less crate, or “smaller carbon footprint” Very neat and well thought out design concept.

Aesthetically more pleasing for me, as my taste are more contemporary. John Donne. Sustainability is very important, going green is a great. *Although, the sample shape of the bottle has somewhat become part of Coca-Cola’s identity including our world’s pop culture. When you see that shape it automatically correlates with the brand. Nothing Lear Essay. They have changed it slightly over research, the years but stayed true to the overall shape and design for that last almost 100 years (since 1915). Changing this is huge and may have negative impact. Square bottle + carbonation/pressure of eugene o'neil a coke = sides pop out and research it becomes rounded.

Great concept. John Collection Critical Essays. Square bottle won’t be rolling on the floor of a vehicle, therefore will not get a change to get underneath break pedal. If that really happened, don’t you think they would have figured that out? Come on, man. 1. The plastic would have to be really thick to counteract the paper pressure of the dog essays soda. I don’t see it staying square, even with the sociology research paper sculpted curve.

Making the o'neil dog essays plastic thicker means you’re going less green than the sociology research paper original. Testing this would require real bottling conditions, not just pouring soda in there. 2. The bottle shape is as essential to nothing essay, Coke’s brand as their name or logotype. I can’t see them giving up the bottle shape just to reduce their carbon footprint. 3. Unless the sociology paper corners split open, that bottle won’t compact at all. Besides just the o'neil shape, the sculpted curve will work against you. I also think it would be better to encourage recycling, not just make folks feel less guilty for trashing it. 4. You now have to line up the bottles when putting them on the shelf or in sample paper, a cooler. The old way required no thought, just stack them in there. Minor, perhaps, but I imagine this will mess up machines at the least.

5. Looks unfomfortable to hold. The old round shape fits your hand well. The way the top is offset means you will have to line the bottle up to drink. Project. Not good in the car or in other “drinking while otherwise occupied” instances. Sample Sociology Research Paper. You don’t want the location of the top to change based on university coursework, how your hand is twisted. 6. Honestly, it isn’t very attractive.

That’s personal prefence, though :) Pretty amazing, they should do this. Or Pepsi should steal it since Coca-cola’s shape is a trademark. Now we need square cup holders in the car. Great critique. This design doesn’t really work that well.

Your argument is sociology paper, completely one sided. The shape of the write closing paragraph essay bottle probably won’t mess with cokes consumption in todays society. No matter what shape the bottle is, people will still drink it. And if they don’t like the bottle, get a can. And besides, most relate coke’s can design more than the bottles. The rectangular design would be easier to sample sociology research, package and king lear shelve.

It wouldn’t take much longer to stack and straighten the new design than it does the old. Sociology Research. Plus, space would be saved on selves, for there would be less empty space between bottles (in shipping and stocking). As for machines, I’m sure it won’t mess with most contraptions, since most just drop the bottle into university, the hole for you to grab anyway. There are plenty of other bottled juices and pops with awkward shapes to hold. It’s all a matter of how picky you are about how “uncomfortable” hold the sociology research bottle will be… because obviously you’re going to have to nothing lear, hold that thing for much longer than the two minutes you need finish the sociology drink. I believe the new concept is not necessarily meant to look good, though it doesn’t look bad, it is something different and will generally catch the write closing paragraph essay public’s eye. Not to mention just more promotional hype about a new green design. I’m not so sure about the collapsible aspect of it, there may be flaws in that.

But it is a nice idea to have a bottle you can easily take to your local recycling depot without your bin overflowing. I’m not necessarily saying this is the best idea in research, the world, but I’m not going to john donne critical, take a bias side. And just thought I’d give the positive since Pete was so kind to point out all the negative. HAHA! I think it’s really, really funny when pedantic consumers think they know more than the top-notch experts in sample sociology research, any given field. John Donne Collection Critical Essays. It reminds me of an ex-boyfriend who was SURE that concrete would be better to pave highways than asphalt, as if city planners just hadn’t thought of it, when really there are very clear reasons. If you think you’ve found something wrong with a square bottle design that the sample research paper engineers at Coca-Cola didn’t think of, you’re wrong. They know more than you do, have more experience than you do, and o'neil have (gasp!) actually tested some of this stuff. Seriously. Oh, and square = tighter packaging = no/less wasted space = more product per square foot = more efficient trasport = less oil burned = GOOD FOR EARTH.

i dont think that this would work its a nice idea but coke wont give up there bottle shape i could see it working better for like a new product or a juice. Sociology Research. also it is just a concept from some person not from coke or at least thats how i read this so in concepts there are a lot of flaws to work out. @Youre”Doom” amd @Loni: I think both of you expect that this concept is management, made by sociology research Coca Cola and “they can’t be wrong”. I guess you missed that this is a “midterm project”/school project (follow designer’s link). However, I think it’s an amazing concept and hopefully it will inspire not only us and the folks at Coca Cola. And maybe some day ideas from pay for university coursework this concept will be realised :) Brilliant presentation anyway. The square design is not a completely new concept. I like the idea but the collapsible nature of the bottle is paper, very forward thinking. While there are flaws, I think it is an interesting idea.

However, the critical essays idea of it being “greener” in relation to the picture is slightly misleading. The square container would have to carry the sociology same amount of Coke in a smaller container, or otherwise there is syllabus, no net effect. Research. From the picture, it looks like both containers would need the o'neil dog essays same square area, so only sociology research paper, if the square bottle had a smaller footprint or was shorter would there be less wasted space. What about just using good old re-cycleable glass? Idea is great and stuff.

But they have made bottles round because of the grip and not to forget that every cup holder and every drink fending machine is made for round bottles, even the one’s in your fridge. It would be unlogical to pull that idea throug. Sorry if I have incorrect spelling or grammar in my piece. This was posted on eugene o'neil dog essays, digg 3 days ago and sample sociology research paper this is what one of the diggers had to say about it: 1. It’s a concept by a student, not something from the great clue report Coke. 2. It won’t work for carbonated drinks because of the pressure. Sample Sociology Paper. (I’m guessing art student, not engineering)

3. It won’t make transport any more efficient because the problem is weight, not space. Current containers stack just fine etc. 4. O'neil. Coke is for the most part not shipped around the world in containers, it’s produced locally and moved on sample sociology, trucks that are limited by weight, not size. 5. Glass containers are far more environmentally friendly. Those bottles look cool! Would we see this on the market? Who knows… I love this green concept! That concept it’s good as pouring CocaC. directly in hands of costumers. I think the target is messing…try with fruit juice! wow you guys are pretty good at commenting only seeing the pictures. anyway, nice concept!

@2lv2, i agree why not just make them out of glass in a square shape if plastic wont work. Don’t beat the guy up! He had an idea, he was bold enough to nate phony clue report, test it to the extent he did, and subsequently share it with the world. Critique constructively. Everyone benefits from the sharing of ideas, and I’m sure he’s learned a great deal from all the feedback left in the comments stream. That’s what it’s for, right? I’m sure there’s a good reason coke doesn’t make it in paper, glass anymore. Probably far more expensive than the plastic. Plastic is just more convenient.

You can’t have glass at ballparks and sporting events, so Coke would still have to produce a large amount of plastic bottles anyway. I really only see glass versions of coke in those novelty small (8 oz?) bottles, and john donne collection essays even then, very rarely do I see those. Plus, glass breaks easily. Research Paper. Not to say that plastic is completely drop-proof, but I imagine it is more-so than glass. If a plastic bottle breaks/cracks, just the pay for university coursework soda makes a mess. Sample Sociology Research. If a glass bottle breaks, the pay for soda and the glass makes a mess. If you are from an urban area and ever see broken glass on the street, you know this is a valid point. No one has gloves on hand when casually carrying around a glass bottle of coke in case it breaks.

Also, glass doesn’t provide the re-seal-ability for lack of sample sociology research paper a better term that plastic does. Re-sealing a beer for a long period of university coursework time even if it is a twist off is never a good idea. @ Lori: HAHA! I think it’s really, really funny when people look like idiots when they’re trying to look smart. I can’t believe you thought this was actually a concept by Coca Cola. Sociology. You must be pretty dense.

And concrete IS better for highways than asphalt. It lasts much longer and management syllabus needs far less maintenance. It’s just more expensive, which is why smaller towns and counties don’t do it. The true design is sociology research paper, starting to take it’s place in the world. A square bottle uses more plastic per volume of essay coke than a round bottle. +1 for Josh. Best arguments on here (even though they weren’t necessarily his). lets really recycle, glass bottles do this. Maybe you should work for them then! Since you know everything about it and sample sociology research all… it looks like the future. Not sure why the bile.

Folks put their designs out for critique. I’m thrilled that they do that. – No, this wasn’t from Coke; it was a student project. Even if this was from Coke, I hate to break it to you child, but corporate product designer and marketers don’t always get everything right. (New coke anyone? – or at least for those of you old enough to eugene o'neil, remember. Sample Research. New pepsi logo anyone?).

They often have constraints and pressures that interfere. – No, not all the ideas were thought through. Although if you look at the original presentation on the site, certainly a lot of thought actually went into it. – Yes, this is a neat design. – Yes, it was creative. – No, it wasn’t professional. Pay For Coursework. It shows a lack of both bottle and vending engineering knowledge for sample research paper one. It concentrates primarily on the “green” aspect, something which is extremely hard to do correctly. Pay For Coursework. For example, the smallest shape for any given volume is a sphere. Research. Deviate from that and you use more plastic. Due to how plastic molding works, you’ll use quite a bit more due to the reinforcement required at the corners (or the pay for coursework corners will need to be rounded quite a bit) – No, it doesn’t show knowledge of how Coke is sample sociology research, actually shipped.

I can’t say that I’ve ever heard of Coke hitting a shipping container, but I suppose it happens. Donne Essays. It’s usually shipped as syrup. – Finally, no, a real product designer would NEVER completely discard something so essential to the brand that they have a patent on it (the bottle shape). You don’t “hint” at something that critical. When the defense is “it won’t take much longer” and “depends on how picky you are about how uncomfortable”, it doesn’t say much for the practicality. Neat idea, just not practical and doesn’t live up to the mission. I love seeing new ideas here.

Not all of them are winners, though, even if they *are* creative. The person who did this is quite talented, but that doesn’t mean it’s a good design. I completely agree. Does anyone else see the blatant conflict between Coca-Cola’s scripty logo and sample sociology research the futuristic packaging? And, if we want to design to decrease carbon footprint, I don’t think changing a shape is as effective as changing the nothing king lear essay materials… biodegradable plastics maybe? This guy is creative… sure. But, it looks to me like the sort of project you come up with by finding the first thing you see… a Coke bottle… what if… it was square!? We’ve all had one of research paper those projects. Now I’m just a 15 year old school student so correct me if I am wrong but I see multiple flaws in this design. many of which have already been pointed out such as loss of brand identity and the structural flaws of a square shape. Project Syllabus. One of which that hasn’t been addressed is the lack of sample research paper grip it provides. To be fair considering the and the phony coca cola brand itself the worlds most recognisable brand I do not think they need to worry about loss of brand identity. but my suggestion would be to use a triangular shape with a sires of groves around the middle.

This would keep all the benefits of the square but also add better grip and the cap could still be centred in the middle solving the problem of orientation. The problem of strength would still remain though. Sample Sociology Research. As far as I can tell from my basic knowledge of engineering and shapes, any shape other than a circle would require more plastic to reinforce it as the pressure would not be distributed evenly, therefore counteracting the green effects the closing essay product has on transportation with increased material usage leading to sample research, more waste. Also although the bottle looks good here it is only because the minimal packaging. In a real world situation it would be far more cluttered with info and nothing king lear essay would only be a thin band around the centre of the bottle as seen on the current ones.

As for using glass bottles they tried it in the UK but everybody kept buying the sociology research paper plastic ones as they were more practical. “Voda Voda” bottle has square design for more than 5 years… I like the design and I think it would help people to be greener because of the fact that it can be folded up although I don’t think it looks as good as the round bottle. I am a welding engineer not a plastics engineer but i know about statics and donne collection critical strengths of materials. Also a little bit on paper, how plastics work. Though i am not going to management, do the mathematics involved, i will just give a visual analysis. From the design the bottle should not have a problem because…A) the corners are rounded and the bottom is so the stress risers will be small. B) the surface area of the flat parts should be enough to distribute the sociology paper force of the pressure from eugene carbonation which means that it shouldn’t bulge out that much.

C) Since the bottle will be “blow molded” the sample sociology research paper sides and the center panels will have slightly less plastic then the little ridges that cover the bottle, this should increase bending limits so the bottle will be stronger to withstand the forces (though a slight bulge will probably occur it would be small). That’s about it i am not going to do the math. It would take me i do not know 1-3 hours since there is only 4 sides i would have to calculate plus a longer time to calculate the strengths of the plastics. Dog Essays. This analysis took me 3 minutes so i have no idea how right i am but since other engineers have not commented i have nothing to compare too. (there is sample sociology research, always at pay for, least 3 engineers doing this in sample sociology paper, a group to compare to one another) Great concept, would love to see it in stores, even if it was just a test run; Beautiful design overall. Glad i’m not in this student’s class. It’s a rectangle. It’s nothing “revolutionary”. I am a Design Engineer myself, with some FEA and structural experience. I have comments RE: “A) the corners are rounded and the bottom is so the stress risers will be small. B) the surface area of the flat parts should be enough to clue book report, distribute the force of the sample research paper pressure from carbonation which means that it shouldn’t bulge out that much.”

You are right stress risers should be small but that is not the structural issue here. Stress risers are more important when we analyze failure (breakage) but in main problem here is not breakage but deformation. We hope to design the rectangular bottle not only the great and the book report, not to break but not even to bulge, so we have to look at sample research, deformation, not breakage. Syllabus. So, don’t worry about stress risers. The issue here is to have a pressurized vessel (filled with carbonated drink) with flat walls. Saying “the surface area of the flat parts should be enough to distribute the force of the pressure” is not completely correct. Force=pressure*area, so the more area you have the more force you have bending (bulging) that surface. You do not “distribute” the force of the research pressure. Project. You **add** the force of the pressure on sample research, every individual square inch of the surface and that is what causes the wall to bulge. Cilindrical/ spherical walls are, as a rule, better for pressurized vessels because they are already “bulged” and they cannot “bulge” anymore. Not to be technical but a flat wall, being flat, will develop bending stresses, hence it will bulge.

A cylindrical wall will develop only tensile stresses, hence it will NOT bulge (it will just “inflate” a little). To repeat previous comments here and elsewhere, there is some likelihood that bottle plastic weight for the rectangular bottle will have to go up to essay, have a small enough “bulge”, therefore increasing carbon footprint, use of plastics and sample research so forth. Write Closing. Detailed math (FEA) analysis and experiments are needed here to figure out what is what (and this is, actually, my specialty). Having said that, I want to be first in line to hire Mr. Andrew Kim when he graduates in about 3 years. And if this is example of his work as a freshman, I want to be first in research, line for eugene o'neil dog essays Mr. Andrew Kim **TO HIRE ME** in about 7 years. Sample Paper. Master Andrew, drop me a line, I’ll email you my mechanical design engineer resume! What about states that have deposits?

I live in Michigan and almost every large store (meijers, walmart, krogers, ect.) have machines that you deposit your bottles into. The machines then read the barcodes and count how many bottles/cans you return. you push a button and it prints off a slip that you present to john donne collection essays, the cashier to sample, receive your deposit back. University. I see a problem with the bottles collapsing and the machines then not being able to read them. All in all its a great idea, a bottle that is sociology paper, easly collapasable, that takes up less space and management syllabus such. I don’t think people quite understand that concept artists aren’t exactly experts in the fields of physics or real bottle design. The shape simply wouldn’t work because of the carbonation pressure. Also, it would be rather uncomfortable to hold. I could care less about the iconic shape, but I don’t want to sample sociology, be holding a cold rectangle that has bumps all over it.

I think it is a great design. Nothing Essay. As an sample research, artist, I have to say I think it is a cool design. Essays. Maybe it would be a good design for bottled waters as they don’t have carbonation. As a consumer, I don’t buy my drinks in plastic simply because they retain heat. Sociology Research Paper. If you touch a stone or glass or even metal it is cold to the touch, but if you touch a plastic or resin it is warm to the touch. Donne. I personally drink my Coke in cans. I have too often purchased a cold bottle of soda only to find the contents were warm.

Yuck. I think the sample research designer was preoccupied by the idea of making a square bottle and completely failed to realize why bottles are round, not much of an accomplishment for a product design. Why not make the square bottle like a lego brick. The bottle could be filled with sand or dirt and then stacked to make a wall. The sand or dirt would serve as insulation.

There would be less bottles in landfills and coursework more of them used as a building material. If your are in any doubt about the sociology research paper ability of the bottle with carbonized drinks check out Blue Marlins design of critical Isklar carbonated water. Innovation at sample sociology paper, its best! A square bottle will require 13% more plastic to hold the same volume of liquid. And that is not including the additional plastic due to thicker walls required to dog essays, provide the same structural support. So, the bigger tradeoff here would be more plastic required per bottle. Sample Sociology Research. Deer Park water has done a great job of utilizing a minimalist/collapsable design for its water bottles. All that said, aesthetically the bottles look great and would help update Coke’s image. Following the above comment, it would be interesting to study of the project management tradeoff between the additional plastic required for a square bottle versus the savings and polution reduction due to sociology research, transportation, storage and syllabus logistics that Andrew illustrates so well.

Overall, this is a great example of sample research how a simple design can have very complex ramifications! Here’s what makes sense to me… If the same type and thickness of plastic is pay for, used, each bottle of coke takes up more room and uses more plastic: high school math says so. What is gained is the unused space in between the research bottles in the crate, that means more product per o'neil tray of bottles, and therefore more coke in a single shipment. However, that means more weight on the shipping vehicle and increased transportation costs. So that would be, fail, fail, and sample paper – weight for it – epic fail.

Check out Walmart rubbing alcohol bottles, they are also fishy. I’m a blow molded product development engineer / manager, and I skimmed a few of the comments here as I made my way down the project management list. I know I’m late to research, the game, but here’s my input: I like the design overall, but as mentioned, loses the Coke bottle brand identity, and kills the comfort in your hand. The neck can’t be off-center on lear essay, a PET bottle design, you will have huge issues with varied wall thickness through the bottle. Thick wall on sample paper, the side closest to project, the neck, thin wall on the opposing side away from the sample sociology neck. You need a minimum radius in all corners or 1/8? / 3mm in project syllabus, the bottle body when it comes to sample sociology, PET bottle design. The bigger the better. Pay For University Coursework. That design you have there, while original, is sociology research, setting itself up to be a huge failure during drop testing. Sharp corners are a huge No-No in PET design. Also, add healthy draft angles wherever possible to prevent bottle scuffing on part ejection from the mold, which is nate clue book, always a big issue in sample research paper, PET design.

You’ll also find yourself running into blow ratio issues once your blow ratio goes beyond 2.2:1. Pay For. Meaning the bottle width or depth really shouldn’t exceed 2.2 X the “E” diameter, (The minor diameter of the threads on the neck finish,) if you can help it. Although it has been done plenty of times before, it’s a good guideline to live by if you can help it. I like the idea of a square design, that certainly the most efficient way to ship product, much better than a round. But even with healthy design techniques like adding good corner radii to the shape, giving the bottle panels some radius, etc., the research processor is again going to be battling varying wall thicknesses here. They’ll be challenged by a rib of thick material down the center of the bottle panel, and thin corners at all corners of the square shape, leading to more challenges in drop testing. Onto to collapsing the bottle. I’ve never seen a successful bellows design in PET that will allow a shape to collapse as intended. You can do it in king essay, HDPE, but the amount of sharpness you would have to apply to sociology research paper, the corners of your bellows design to get the write paragraph essay plastic to collapse would override the minimum radius you could feasibly blow mold in PET, bringing you back to more thin corners and drop testing failures.

Sorry, like the concept, but it’s a manufacturing nightmare. why not try with a bigger head for its top? The cap part can be a bit larger,well, the gas has to go somewhere right? This is sociology research, NOT a new concept.. I own a SQUARE Coke bottle. orinally produced In Kenosha, Wis. Pay For Coursework. years ago.

It is glass with a rounded top. Research Paper. with the city name actually.

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Guidelines for writing a literature review. by Helen Mongan-Rallis. Last updated: November 21, 2014. [Note: For these guidelines, in some sections I have quoted directly some of the the steps from: Galvan, J. (2006). Writing literature reviews: a guide for students of the sample sociology paper, behavioral sciences (3rd ed.) . Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing. ] A literature review is book not an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed. Sample Sociology? While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature. It focuses on a specific topic of interest to you and includes a critical analysis of the relationship among different works, and relating this research to your work. It may be written as a stand-alone paper or to provide a theoretical framework and rationale for a research study (such as a thesis or dissertation). These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006).

Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review. I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review. In the sections from donne collection critical essays, Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. Paper? I also provide links at the end of this guide to nothing lear essay resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to sociology paper get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over essay other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in sample sociology research paper APA style: in o'neil particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g. font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on sample paper which you intend to do your final M.Ed. Nothing King? project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project. However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Step 3: Identify the literature that you will review : Familiarize yourself with online databases (see UMD library resource links below for help with this), identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Sociology Research? Using relevant databases, search for literature sources using Google Scholar and eugene dog essays also searching using Furl (search all sources, including the Furl accounts of sociology research, other Furl members).

Some tips for the great phony clue book, identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search : Start with a general descriptor from the database thesaurus or one that you know is already a well defined descriptor based on past work that you have done in research this field. You will need to project management experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Redefine your topic if needed: as you search you will quickly find out if the paper, topic that you are reviewing is too broad. Try to the great and the phony book report narrow it to a specific area of interest within the broad area that you have chosen (remember: this is merely an introductory literature review for Educ 7001). It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. As part of your search, be sure to identify landmark or classic studies and theorists as these provide you with a framework/context for your study.

Import your references into your RefWorks account (see: Refworks Import Directions for sample research, guide on how to do this from project syllabus, different databases). You can also enter references manually into paper, RefWorks if you need to. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Overview the articles : Skim the the great phony clue book, articles to get an sample paper idea of the general purpose and write essay content of the article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Sample Sociology Research? Tip: as you skim the lear, articles, you may want to sociology paper record the notes that you take on each directly into RefWorks in the box for User 1. You can take notes onto note cards or into a word processing document instead or as well as using RefWorks, but having your notes in RefWorks makes it easy to organize your notes later. Group the articles into categories (e.g. into topics and pay for subtopics and paper chronologically within each subtopic). Once again, it's useful to management syllabus enter this information into your RefWorks record.

You can record the topics in the same box as before (User 1) or use User 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this article. Take notes : Decide on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in sociology RefWorks. You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration (free 30 trial download), a data base program (e.g. Pay For University Coursework? Access or File Maker Pro), in an Excel spreadsheet, or the old-fashioned way of using note cards. Be consistent in how you record notes. Define key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences). Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to sample your review. Write Essay? Select useful quotes that you may want to research paper include in your review.

Important : If you copy the exact words from an o'neil dog essays article, be sure to paper cite the page number as you will need this should you decide to use the quote when you write your review (as direct quotes must always be accompanied by pay for university page references). To ensure that you have quoted accurately (and to save time in note taking), if you are accessing the sociology paper, article in a format that allows this, you can copy and management paste using your computer edit -- copy -- paste functions. Note: although you may collect a large number of quotes during the note taking phase of sample sociology research, your review, when you write the review, use quotes very sparingly. The rule I follow is to quote only when when some key meaning would be lost in university translation if I were to paraphrase the original author's words, or if using the sample paper, original words adds special emphasis to donne collection a point that I am making. Note emphases, strengths weaknesses: Since different research studies focus on different aspects of the issue being studied, each article that you read will have different emphases, strengths. and weaknesses.

Your role as a reviewer is to evaluate what you read, so that your review is not a mere description of different articles, but rather a critical analysis that makes sense of the collection of articles that you are reviewing. Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions (the author's opinion) and actual research findings (derived from research, empirical evidence). Identify major trends or patterns: As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of collection critical, what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over research time. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time. Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on eugene o'neil why these might exist (based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study).

These gaps will be important for sociology, you to address as you plan and write your review. Identify relationships among studies: note relationships among studies, such as which studies were landmark ones that led to subsequent studies in the same area. Nate And The Book? You may also note that studies fall into sample sociology research paper, different categories (categories that you see emerging or ones that are already discussed in the literature). When you write your review, you should address these relationships and different categories and discuss relevant studies using this as a framework. Keep your review focused on your topic: make sure that the o'neil, articles you find are relevant and directly related to sample your topic. As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the write closing essay, article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to research write up your review). If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field (e.g. in RefWorks, put these under User 2 or User 3; in pay for university Excel have a separate column for each descriptor; if you use Inspiration, you might attach a separate note for sample sociology, key descriptors. The Great And The Phony Book? Evaluate your references for currency and sociology research coverage: Although you can always find more articles on university coursework your topic, you have to decide at what point you are finished with collecting new resources so that you can focus on writing up your findings. However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work.

Typically a review will cover the last five years, but should also refer to any landmark studies prior to this time if they have significance in shaping the direction of the field. If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. Step 5: Summarize the literature in table or concept map format. Galvan (2006) recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and sample sociology suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in collection your literature review. If you do include tables as part of sample research paper, your review each must be accompanied by an analysis that summarizes, interprets and synthesizes the literature that you have charted in donne essays the table. You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of sample, your literature using a concept map (such as using Inspiration) You can create the table using the write closing, table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste/import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel. The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to sociology paper a variety of essay, factors (e.g. sort by date, and then by author; sort by methodology and then date) Examples of paper, tables that may be relevant to your review: Definitions of key terms and concepts.

Research methods Summary of research results. Step 6: Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review. Using the nate phony book, notes that you have taken and sociology research paper summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the write closing, key steps as outlined by sample sociology research paper Galvan (2006: 71-79) Consider your purpose and voice before beginning to write. In the case of pay for university, this Educ 7001 introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is sample paper of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.

You are also developing skills in reviewing and writing, to provide a foundation on which you will build in subsequent courses within your M.Ed. and nate the great clue report ultimately in your final project. In your final project your literature review should demonstrate your command of your field of study and/or establishing context for a study that you have done. Consider how you reassemble your notes: plan how you will organize your findings into a unique analysis of the picture that you have captured in your notes. Important: A literature review is research paper not series of annotations (like an annotated bibliography). Galvan (2006:72) captures the difference between an annotated bibliography and a literature review very well: . in coursework essence, like describing trees when you really should be describing a forest. Sample? In the case of pay for coursework, a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read. Create a topic outline that traces your argument: first explain to the reader your line or argument (or thesis); then your narrative that follows should explain and sociology justify your line of write essay, argument. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument (and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to sociology research a text outline merely by and the phony clue report clicking on the outline button). This can then be exported into sample research, a Microsoft Word document. Reorganize your notes according to write the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies.

Within each topic heading, look for obvious gaps or areas needing more research. Plan to describe relevant theories. Plan to discuss how individual studies relate to and advance theory Plan to summarize periodically and, again near the end of the review Plan to present conclusions and paper implications Plan to suggest specific directions for future research near the end of the review Flesh out your outline with details from your analysis. Step 7: Writing the review (Galvan, 2006: 81-90) Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is important Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information Indicate why certain studies are important If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the results of the replication Discuss other literature reviews on write closing paragraph essay your topic Refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in paper details Justify comments such as, no studies were found. Avoid long lists of nonspecific references If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately Cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article. Step 8: Developing a coherent essay (Galvan, 2006: 91-96) If your review is long, provide an overview near the beginning of the review Near the university, beginning of a review, state explicitly what will and sociology research will not be covered Specify your point of view early in the review: this serves as the thesis statement of the review. Aim for a clear and cohesive essay that integrates the key details of the literature and clue communicates your point of view (a literature is not a series of sample research paper, annotated articles). Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from project management syllabus, each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review: Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind.

How you end the review, however, will depend on your reason for writing it. Sample Research Paper? If the review was written to stand alone, as is the collection, case of a term paper or a review article for publication, the conclusion needs to make clear how the material in the body of the review has supported the assertion or proposition presented in the introduction. On the other hand, a review in sample research a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed. Check the dog essays, flow of your argument for sociology, coherence. Galvan, J. (2006).

Writing literature reviews: a guide for o'neil dog essays, students of the behavioral sciences ( 3rd ed.). Glendale, CA: Pyrczak Publishing.