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What s the Average Score on the AP French Language Exam? | Albert io

Ap french essay scoring

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Benefits and drawbacks of internet banking. Online banking has become an accepted norm of ap french scoring, monetary transactions for millions in India over the past decade. The ease with which a customer can check his account, make payments online and transfer money between accounts has made this mode of banking hugely popular among Indians who are perpetually short of time to visit the bank physically. Online banking also provides a host of non transactional features which are quite handy to the customer. However along with the world of conveniences this method of banking has a few inherent pitfalls which need to papers research writing, be understood in order to protect your money and avoid complications subsequently. Key Benefits of Internet Banking. There are plenty of ap french scoring, perks offered by banks to customers who adopt internet banking over the traditional visit physically to the nearest branch office. Convenience: This is the essay workplace, single most important benefits that outweigh any shortcoming of ap french essay scoring, internet banking. Making transactions and payments right from the comfort of dissertation+methode+droit, home or office at the click of a button without even having to step out is a facility none would like to forego.

Keeping a track of accounts through the internet is much faster and convenient as compared to going to the bank for the same. Even non transactional facilities like ordering check books online, updating accounts, enquiring about interest rates of various financial products etc become much simpler on the internet. Better Rates: The banks stand to essay, gain significantly by the use of internet banking as it implies lesser physical effort from their end. The need to acquire larger spaces for offices and employ more staff to deal with the customers is significantly reduced making it financially beneficial to the banks. This means that a portion of savings accrued can be passed on papers papers research writing writing to the customers in terms of higher rates on deposits and ap french essay, lower rates on loans.

To encourage internet banking most banks offer minimum or no deposit accounts for online banking and lower penalties on early withdrawal of Fixed Deposits. Services: Technology has made it extremely convenient for the bank as well as the papers research writing writing, customer to access to a host of wonderful services by simply logging in. These services include financial planning capabilities, functional budgeting and forecasting tools, loan calculators, investment analysis tools and ap french essay scoring, equity trading platforms which are available as simple applications on the bank’s website. Essay On Usefulness. Additionally most banks also provide the facility of online tax forms and tax preparation. Mobility: Internet banking has a step further in the last few years in the form of ap french essay scoring, mobile internet banking which accords unlimited mobility to essay, the customer who can now handle financial transactions even while on ap french essay the move. Another important benefit of the concept of internet banking is that it is essay about good for the environment as it cuts down the usage of scoring, paper, reduces pollution as people do not have to travel physically and also does not add emissions. Drawbacks of Internet Banking. However the current trend of dissertation+methode+droit, exclusively using the online mode to make all kinds of transactions has a few pitfalls which may prove costly in the long run unless guarded against from the beginning. Relationships: Online transactions take a toll on the relationship with the banker which the traditional visit to the branch office used to foster. Personal relationship with the staff at the banks comes handy when requesting for faster loan approval or a special service which may not be available to the public.

The manager has many discretionary powers such as waiving of penal interest or service fees which were often taken advantage of by better acquaintance with the staff. Additionally personal contact also meant that the ap french essay, banker would provide essential financial advice and insights which are beneficial to the customer. Complex Transactions: There are many complex transactions which cannot be sorted out unless there is workplace privacy a face to face discussion with the manager that is not possible through internet banking. Solving specific issues and complaints requires physical visit to the bank and cannot be achieved through the internet. Online communication is neither clear nor pin pointed to help resolve many complex service issues. Certain services such as the notarization and bank signature guarantee cannot be accomplished online.

Security: This is the biggest pitfall of the internet banking scheme which needs to be guarded against by the common customer. Despite the host of ap french essay, sophisticated encryption software is about designed to ap french, protect your account there is always a scope of dissertation+methode+droit, hacking by smart elements in the cyber world. Hacker attacks, phishing, malware and other unauthorized activity are not uncommon on the net. Scoring. Identity theft is yet another area of grave concern for narrative essay about my brother those who rely exclusively on internet banking. Most banks have made it mandatory to display scanned copies of cleared checks online to prevent identity theft. It is essential to check bank’s security policies and protections while opening an account and commencing the usage of online banking facilities. Ap French. Online banking is definitely a significant move in the right direction as far as the convenience of the customer as well as the 2004 2005 collection from program street writing, banker are concerned but it must be applied with adequate precaution to avoid falling prey to unscrupulous elements poaching the internet. BankBazaar.com is an online marketplace where you can instantly get the ap french scoring, lowest loan rates, compare and apply online for your personal loan (click here), home loan (click here), car loan (click here), credit card (click here) from about workplace India's leading banks and NBFCs.

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On Virtue, Friendship, and Political Participation in the film The Long Walk Home and in the book Contemporary Black American Cinema. The Long Walk Home. Directed by Richard Pearce. Screenplay by ap french scoring John Cork. Art Director Blake Russell, Cinematographer Roger Deakins, Editor Bill Yahraus. Producer Howard W. Narrative Essay. Koch Jr. New Visions/Miramax, 1990. Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at the Movies. Edited by ap french Mia Mask. Courage, compassion, confidence, dignity, diligence, discipline, fairness, fellowship, generosity, gentleness, harmony, intelligence, knowledge, sensitivity, strength, and wisdom are virtues, virtues that define the good character of complete papers research, human existence. The virtues can be taught, and they can be modeled, but they must be chosen and cultivated in order to be possessed by anyone.

In the essay film The Long Walk Home , written by John Cork, directed by workplace privacy Richard Pearce, and starring Whoopi Goldberg and ap french essay Sissy Spacek, two women, one a household helper and one her white lady master, Odessa Cotter and Miriam Thompson, become friends and participants in term paper, the American civil rights movement of the mid-1950s. Their virtues and the intimacy of their work make the good they do possible. Whoopi Goldberg’s Odessa is one of her most significant roles. Ap French Essay. Whoopi Goldberg, of course, is part of several traditions: a multifaceted woman performer, she belongs to a line that includes Ethel Waters, Josephine Baker, Lena Horne, Hattie McDaniel, Dorothy Dandridge, Diahann Carroll, Diana Sands, Cisely Tyson, Mary Alice, Gloria Foster, Diana Ross, Angela Bassett, Salli Richardson-Whitfield, Halle Berry, Viola Davis, Kimberly Elise, Anika Noni Rose, and Beyonce Knowles, transcendent and popular artists. Goldberg is also one of the great family of clowns, from Charlie Chaplin and Buster Keaton and dissertation+methode+droit Mae West to ap french scoring Lenny Bruce, Redd Foxx, Lily Tomlin, and Bette Midler. Goldberg is a chameleon—and she is always real. Richard Pearce’s The Long Walk Home is a rather plain film, with very little artifice or excess, a work that has lasted and essay on usefulness of newspaper will last: its drama and passions are rooted in ap french essay, truth. The Long Walk Home tells a simple story—of the dissertation+methode+droit Montgomery Bus Boycott—with a long past and ap french essay scoring many consequences: its meaning is papers research writing, shaped by the enslavement and segregation of a people, and the liberty and respect of a people. Ap French Essay. The enslavement of Africans—between thirty million and one-hundred million—by the Portuguese, English, French, Dutch and essay Americans, was undertaken for economic reasons and justified by propaganda about black inferiority, a form of thinking so effective that it survived the end of slavery and preserved negative social discriminations. Ap French. The liberation of blacks had to be fought for everywhere—in law courts and business offices and churches and homes and restaurants and stores and dissertation+methode+droit parks and on ap french essay, beaches. It was a necessary rebellion, a battle that continued in a war that had been declared won.

The Long Walk Home provides a view of the struggle, focusing on one woman’s refusal to on usefulness ride on essay, the segregated buses and the effect of that refusal on those she knows. With fairness, intelligence, and sympathy, the film imagines one woman’s ordinary life, its challenges, pleasures, and dissertation+methode+droit resilient strength, in a time of public conflict and social movement. Intelligence refers to awareness, evidence, logic, and thought—and it is ap french scoring, both ability and quality. With the foundation of the American civil rights movement in moral principle and suasion, respect for law, knowledge of history, employment of eloquent language, and participation of the common man and woman in the use of the strategy of civil disobedience, the American civil rights movement was one superb demonstration of complete guide papers research writing, African-American intelligence, not the first nor the last. Ap French Essay. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( NAACP ), The National Urban League, and guide papers research research writing writing the Congress of scoring, Racial Equality were the guide papers research research writing writing most prominent groups agitating for change.

It is important to remember that although almost every Negro claims its inheritance, not everyone was involved in the movement. Yet, now, in scoring, the age of the brilliant, handsome, well-intentioned Barack Obama, the community organizer, lawyer, professor, and senator, the first African-American president of the United States of essay my brother, America, whose second inauguration—after his first-term promotion of ap french essay, progressive domestic social policy and questionable sustaining of dissertation+methode+droit, two foreign wars, and ap french essay scoring his second election to the nation’s highest office—fell on the day celebrating the birth of the country’s greatest civil rights leader, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, one can see how other demonstrations of African-American intelligence have been, and are, grounding and nurturing inspiration for current triumphs and future efforts. In one field and on usefulness of newspaper another one can see liberated imagination and intelligence. We know that Benjamin Banneker helped to build the nation’s capitol but most of us, until we make a special effort to ap french scoring learn, do not know the names of other important African-American architects who designed structures and landscapes for form and function, for beauty, community, protection, and use, such as Louis Bellinger, J. On Usefulness. Max Bond Jr., John E. Essay. Brent, Albert Irvin Cassell, Robert T. Collection Essay Program Writing. Coles, Moses McKissack, William Sidney Pittman, Wallace Rayfield, Norma Merrick Sklarek, Jewel V. Woodson Tandy, Robert Robinson Taylor, and essay scoring Paul Williams. African-American scientists and inventors such as the light bulb carbon filament inventor Lewis Latimer and the train communication system creator Granville Woods and gas mask maker Garrett Morgan are known, though the recognition of Otis Boykin (electronic control devices) and Patricia Bath (eye surgery for the blind) is papers papers writing, less certain, as is that of Bessie Blount, Jan E. Matzeliger, Elijah McCoy, Alexander Miles, Shirley Jackson, and ap french scoring James E. West. Figures such as W.E.B.

Du Bois, Alain Locke, and Cornel West may be known as public intellectuals, and even as philosophers, but less so—for the general populace—are the trained and practicing African-American philosophers Michele Moody Adams, Anita Allen, Stephen Carter, Lewis Gordon, Leonard Harris, Tommy Lott, Charles Mills, Lucius Outlaw, Ken Perry, Adrian Piper, Lawrence Thomas, Naomi Zack, and George Yancy. Literary writers, from 2004 essay from mercer street, Jean Toomer, Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston to Richard Wright, Gwendolyn Brooks, Ralph Ellison, James Baldwin and Lorraine Hansberry to James Alan McPherson, Toni Morrison, Toni Cade Bambara, Charles Johnson, David Bradley and essay scoring August Wilson on to Percival Everett, Melvin Dixon, John Keene, Martha Southgate, and Michael Thomas, explored history and modern life and articulated new sensibilities and illuminated new possibilities. Distinguished painters, sculptors, and photographers are Edward Bannister, Dawoud Bey, Edward Clark, Aaron Douglas, Sam Gilliam, Barkley Hendricks, William H. Johnson, Rashid Johnson, Glenn Ligon, Reginald Madison, Edna Manley, Kerry James Marshall, Gordon Parks, Rose Piper, Martin Puryear, Faith Ringgold, John Robinson, Raymond Saunders, Henry Tanner, Mickalene Thomas, Bob Thompson, Carrie Mae Weems, and paper format Kehinde Wiley. Choreographers, sometimes drawing on Africa, sometimes evoking the ap french essay scoring long black American history, sometimes inspired by abstract modern experiment, include Alvin Ailey, Ronald K. Brown, Ulysses Dove, Garth Fagan, Blondell Cummings, Katherine Dunham, Geoffrey Holder, Fred Holland, Judith Jamison, Lester Horton, Ishmael Houston-Jones, Bill T. Jones, Ralph Lemon, Bebe Miller, Dianne McIntyre, Arthur Mitchell, Eleo Pomare, Pearl Primus, David Rousseve, Harry Whitaker Sheppard, Gus Solomons Jr., and Jawole Willa Jo Zollar. Of course, music and sports and on usefulness of newspaper film are our most popular forms, exemplifying personal skill, talent, and thought, and scoring cultural aesthetics and values, and human agility and essay privacy worth. “Each time you look at a blank piece of paper, you wonder how you’re going to do it, starting from scratch. Your stories just take a different form,” said film writer and director Charles Burnett ( Killer of Sheep, To Sleep with Anger ) to James Ponsoldt for the Filmmaker article “This Bitter Earth” in 2007, going on to explain, “You want to do something that’s new and interesting and ap french essay scoring challenging. And each one is like starting all over guide papers papers research again” (the interview is collected with others from 1980 through 2008 in Charles Burnett Interviews , University Press of Mississippi, 2011; page 156). More relevantly, most significantly, the motion picture The Long Walk Home is a work that helps to make vivid the nature and development and potential of ap french scoring, African-American experience, as do the films Antwone Fisher, Boomerang, Chameleon Street, Daughters of the Dust, Devil in a Blue Dress, Eve’s Bayou, Ganja and Hess, Get on narrative my brother, the Bus, The Great Debaters, Jumping the Broom, Losing Ground, Sankofa , and Sidewalk Stories . Free Africans in Africa, the land of Egypt, Kush, Carthage, Ethiopia, Ghana, and Mali.

The kingdoms of ap french, Benin, Dahomey, Oyo, and the Ashanti, kingdoms which became complicit with evil. Capture. Enslavement. Emancipation. Reconstruction. Discrimination. In Apa Format. Protest. Scoring. Change. The civil rights tale told in The Long Walk Home is a story of knowledge and ignorance, of tradition and modernity, of kindness and workplace privacy cruelty—a story of essay scoring, character and situation and 2004 collection essay writing emotion and essay scoring manners. It is an American story, about the research research writing writing past and ap french essay what is possible—a story of power and weakness, and transformation; and it has a resonance that Turgenev and Dickens and Henry James would recognize.

The Montgomery bus boycott was long in coming, and found inspiration in term paper format, a similar boycott that took place in Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Martin Luther King Jr. consulted with Reverend T.J. Jemison of ap french essay scoring, Mount Zion Baptist in 2005 essay mercer program writing, Baton Rouge. Reverend Jemison had been involved in the two-week June 1953 Baton Rouge boycott, with Raymond Scott of the United Defense League and others, in what is believed to scoring be the first American bus boycott. After a Baton Rouge bus service that was owned by about workplace African-Americans was ruled illegal in 1950, the town’s blacks were forced to ride the segregated bus lines, forming eighty percent of ridership, an example of whites refusing respect and sabotaging independence. Money was taken from passengers in fees, and compromised—disrespectful, uncomfortable—service provided; and then when bus fares were raised in ap french essay scoring, 1953 in January, community complaints were brought by Negro leaders to the City Council—and, while maintaining segregation, some of the bus seating rules were made more flexible, allowing blacks to take free seats designated for whites rather than stand, but white drivers refused to observe the new ordinance. Consequently, there was a community bus boycott, with money raised to pay for alternate transportation, a free-ride system, until observance of more fluid bus seating—first come, first served, except for the first and last rows of seats, those remaining segregated—was reinstituted in June, 1953. Essay. However, the essay scoring long history that came before the Montgomery bus boycott is not given but is assumed in narrative, The Long Walk Home . Instead a small chapter, a small view, of the ap french essay vital Montgomery boycott is given.

That is significant: as the paper in apa film allows sight of the difficulties blacks faced and the suitable tactics found for social transformation. Lord, don’t pass Montgomery by . “The surprise of the film is how intelligent and moving it is,” wrote Owen Gleiberman in his January 18, 1991 Entertainment Weekly review of The Long Walk Home . Starring Sissy Spacek, Whoopi Goldberg, Dwight Schultz, Ving Rhames, Dylan Baker, and Erika Alexander, the motion picture gives history flesh, blood, and movement. “It’s an impassioned movie, with vehement, soulful performances from Whoopi Goldberg and Sissy Spacek, but it’s also a work of great restraint and scoring proportion,” wrote Hal Hinson in the Washington Post (March 22, 1991). The Long Walk Home arrived decades before the film The Help , which focuses on the relationship of black southern maids to the white women they work for, with the maids in The Help including a longtime, loyal black maid impulsively fired, and a rebellious black maid who takes crude revenge on a disrespectful employer, as well as one maid with a spiritual sense and a small interest in writing. The Long Walk Home (1990) is much better than The Help (2011), which is sentimental and vulgar. 2004 Essay Program Street Writing. “The melodramatic stereotypical story of black female domestics and white employers told in The Help is no new story,” wrote cultural critic Bell Hooks in ap french essay, “Help Wanted: Re-Imagining the Past” ( Writing Beyond Race , Routledge, 2013, though available in late 2012; page 63). Workplace Privacy. It is impossible not to think that The Help , a motion picture directed by Tate Taylor based on Kathryn Stockett’s book, was popular because of ap french, its sentimentality and vulgarity rather than in spite of them. The taste for complete guide papers research writing work featuring African-Americans has always been complicated: and it is always hard to know whether to trust the judgments of whites or blacks regarding it. Of course, what that means is that while everyone has a right to his/her own opinion, and may see and say something of use, not just anyone’s response should be regarded highly, but that those who actually make a regular and thoughtful study of such work—and its history and current context—should be consulted. In the same shallow way as The Help , the film The Beasts of the Southern Wild (2012), written by its director Benh Zeitlin with playwright Lucy Alibar, received many accolades, though discerning reviews identified the film’s conceptual problems: about a father and daughter living in a watery Louisiana wilderness among a scavenging community, Beasts is an attractive and impressive film, and essay scoring it is 2005 mercer program writing, also a film that reanimates old, old ideas about the poverty and passion of blacks. It is a film that basically assumes, even says, that those people are so strange, so different from us, that they cannot be judged in the same way: their virtues are not ours—and the things they do that might seem illogical or insane to us, we must take as signs of their tribal eccentricity. Beasts of the Southern Wild is a romance of primitivism.

There are better—more fair, generous, intelligent and essay true—visions of black youth and family in Louisiana, from Sounder to in apa Eve’s Bayou ; and a more contemporary, complex view of African-American (and white) southern life is to be found in the Home Box Office television program Treme , a great show. Why are the cheap and the lurid preferred to ap french the complex and the true? Is that a continuation of the prejudice that made slavery possible, and that justified it? Is that corrupt image rooted in an attitude that assumes or prefers black inferiority? It is important to remember that one’s superiority cannot be proved simply by pointing to another’s error or flaw. One must demonstrate one’s principles; one must prove one’s valor—in act, spirit, and thought. Richard Pearce’s civil rights drama The Long Walk Home stars Sissy Spacek as Miriam Thompson and Whoopi Goldberg as Odessa Cotter, the two women who are employer and employee, first strangers then friends. Sissy Spacek is known for a wide range of work, including Carrie, Coal Miner’s Daughter , and Crimes of the Heart among many other films, as well as The Help , in which Spacek plays a mother who laughs—improbably—when she finds out essay workplace privacy her snobby daughter has eaten something disgusting.

Whoopi Goldberg, a comedian, actress, and talk show host, appeared in the films The Color Purple, Jumpin’ Jack Flash, Clara’s Heart, Ghost, Soapdish, The Player, Sister Act, Made in America , and The Deep End of the ap french essay scoring Ocean . She was in Tyler Perry’s For Colored Girls , his interpretation of Ntozake Shange’s signature work, playing a passionate and cruelly spiritual woman. The husky-voiced Goldberg, an artistic descendant of Ethel Waters and dissertation+methode+droit Paul Robeson as well as Moms Mabley and Richard Pryor, is ap french, as unique a film presence as Streisand. Narrative Essay. In The Long Walk Home , Goldberg’s brave bohemian spirit is ap french essay scoring, covered by 2005 collection essay expository from program street the strategically humble and essay quiet manner of a character with limited options and power: the manner is the self-obscuring language and gestures of blacks in the presence of white power. Yet, Goldberg remains perceptibly, vividly, aware; and essay on usefulness of newspaper her Odessa is the wife of Herbert and the mother of Selma, Theodore, and Franklin, and Odessa’s voice at home with her children has authority, the authority of honest emotion and personal responsibility. The film The Long Walk Home begins in the age of Dwight Eisenhower, during the year Whoopi Goldberg was born to a teacher mother in New York: 1955. It takes place in a land of long hot summers, a culture of fear and insult, a land of pine trees, oak, and the southern magnolia, a terrain for ap french essay lumber and coal and cotton and about my brother chickens, the Alabama of history and nightmare, as southern a place as exists, bound by ap french essay Tennessee, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida and the Gulf, a land of resistance to social equality. In the 2004 essay expository from very beginning of December 1955, the seamstress and NAACP member Rosa Parks was riding on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama—in the scoring first seat allocated for blacks behind the ten front seats allocated for whites—and when Miss Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white passenger, Parks was arrested, convicted, and paper in apa her case appealed. However, the boycott of the scoring town’s bus system would last for more than a year, for three-hundred and eighty-one days; and finally first a federal district court then the essay about workplace privacy Supreme Court would rule segregated buses as being against the country’s Constitution. It was, for African-Americans, a time of shared purpose and sacrifice, a time of danger. Lord, don’t pass Montgomery by . It was for the nation a time of turmoil, hope, and ap french essay change.

One sees the relationship of the individual to family and community in the film The Long Walk Home : we, in the film audience, see the black woman maid, Odessa Cotter, at home, on the bus standing before the boycott, then during the boycott taking a long walk to work in the rain, and with her family in church among many. “Goldberg is the perfect embodiment of that quality of ordinariness; her greatness is in holding true to papers writing that most basic aspect of herself,” the Washington Post ’s Hal Hinson wrote in his March 1991 review. An early scene shows the maid Odessa Cotter—who cooks, cleans, irons clothes, and takes care of a caucasian woman’s children—when Odessa is humiliated—and terrified—by a young white male police officer as Odessa takes care of scoring, her young white girl charges in a park designated as white, a segregated locale; and essay about privacy Odessa’s employer Miriam gets the offending man to apologize to the housekeeper and the children, a perfect apology—from himself, the police department, and the city. Later when the bus boycott begins in Montgomery, a small city with one and two-story buildings and old-fashion faces, we see Odessa and her family observe the ap french early morning bus rollout with no one on any of the buses. 2005 Essay From Street Writing. The ordinary well-dressed Negroes walk to work, or wherever they need to go, their feet hurting, sometimes bleeding—determined for equality, freedom, justice. Odessa and her family walk among them, even though walking means Odessa will arrive home at night too late to essay scoring cook and too tired to clean. People wake early to walk or find shared private transport.

The community seems unified, but of 2004 2005, course appearances can be deceptive—or incomplete: and Odessa’s daughter Selma disparages the boycott as an inconvenience, especially as she wants to take a bus to meet a distant boyfriend. The girl’s younger brother Theodore has a better understanding of the essay scoring political struggle than Selma does (the girl, both understandable and foolish, is one of those characters one yearns to essay strangle). The organizing and visionary young—twenty-six years old!—minister Martin Luther King Jr.’s voice is ap french, heard in church, and coming through speakers placed outside for the large overflowing audience: Martin King connects the black protest to the United States Constitution and to Christian morality. 2004 Collection Expository Program. King sees and speaks of common virtues and values; a shared humanity. That was an era when African-American leadership educated, guided, and embodied in public the essay best hopes and ideas of Negroes, the deep and passionate commitment to liberty and on usefulness progress, rather than pandering to, reflecting, and essay scoring confirming the about privacy ignorance of the worst elements in essay, the black communities, their spiteful rage and useless resentment and disregard for on usefulness education, accomplishment, and ap french essay positive distinction. Essay On Usefulness Of Newspaper. It was a time of dignity and spiritual strength, despite injustice and insult. The most despicable Negroes were not at the head of the parade, shouting down reason, complexity, excellence, and human sympathy—they left that to bigoted Americans of European descent. It was a noble time for African-Americans and ap french essay other Americans of good will. “She don’t know us and she don’t want to know us,” the servant Odessa Cotter’s husband Herbert Cotter says of the 2005 collection essay mercer street writing good white lady, Miriam Thompson, that his wife works for.

Yet, that employer Miriam volunteers to pick up her helper Odessa on the days that Miriam is in town shopping or running her own errands. The limits of decency are demonstrated during a Thompson family Christmas dinner the maid Odessa helps to cook and serve with the essay joking and dissertation+methode+droit practical but proud maid Claudia, a dinner at which one of the guests—the mother of Miriam’s husband Norman—makes overtly disrespectful and racist comments. The gathered white people’s fear of ap french essay, integration is coolly agitated, angrily disapproving, taking refuge in the use of the word nigger and essay about workplace privacy false suppositions about Communism. Essay. They—Americans of European descent—imagine forced intimacies, and white communities that are no longer safe. Of Negroes, Norman’s brother Tunker says, “They start asking for more and doing less.” Tunker (Dylan Baker), an of newspaper enthusiastic bigot as well as a doting uncle, and the other pale faces assembled are focused on notions of black laziness, though exploited black labor has been the backbone of the southern economy for centuries. (“They manage to create, deliberately, in every generation, the nigger they want to ap french essay see,” said writer James Baldwin in “Black English: A Dishonest Argument,” his 1980 defense of culturally idiomatic speech, from The Cross of Redemption , Pantheon, 2010; page 128.) Odessa Cotter must be silent while hearing rudeness. Meanwhile Odessa’s blue-collared husband Herbert Cotter (a short-haired and muscular Ving Rhames), who works in a glass factory and wants a seat in the front of the bus, and their children give Odessa new comfortable shoes and a new coat. Dissertation+methode+droit. There is another demonstration of the vulnerability of blacks when Odessa’s daughter Selma (Erika Alexander) bucks the boycott and takes a bus to meet a boyfriend, and ap french finds herself on a bus with insulting white boys who harass, chase, and attack her.

Her brother Theodore (Richard Habersham) and a cab driver come to Selma’s rescue, and her brother is beaten, while defending his sister—pushing a violent boy away from her—but Theodore acts without aggressive violence. The smart black boy, Theodore, is an embodiment of family love, understanding, and peace. When the family attends a church meeting, the bruised boy is a figure of concern and respect. The real nature of essay about, people’s values is revealed. Lord, don’t pass Montgomery by are the words of a preaching minister after he and his congregation hear the news about the bombing of Reverend King’s house. Miriam Thompson, the elegant but feisty lady of the house, the employer of Odessa Cotter, sees the car pool helping the Negroes travel, and, after the Martin Luther King Jr. house is bombed, Miriam considers Odessa—the mystery of ap french scoring, Odessa, the distance between them—and Miriam’s own childhood with a black maid; and then Miriam begins to volunteer as a car pool driver, while her husband Norman (a lean Dwight Schultz, still youthful but with thinning hair) is going the opposite route: participating in the reactionary White Citizens Council, a large bustling council where there is casually hateful talk about niggers. It is interesting to see the narrative about council, full of men of differing complexions—it is almost always interesting to ap french look on the skin tones of whites or blacks who are part of self-segregated groups based on color and to wonder about the roots of their varied pigmentation. How can so many different shades of skin be referred to as white, or as black? The businessman, husband, and in apa father Norman Thompson points to prominent politicians and ap french businessmen who have joined the 2005 essay from mercer citizens group, and Miriam says they would join a circus if they thought it would help their careers. Ap French Scoring. It is easy to see how white masculinity and prestige are tied to the subjugation of blacks; and essay of newspaper that white people fear and also face the ap french loss of privilege when they stand up for justice involving blacks.

Miriam’s husband Norman is firmly disapproving when he finds out that Miriam has been driving Odessa, and he forbids it: “Don’t go off on your own. Ask me. I know what’s best,” he tells her. His is the authority of the male, the 2004 essay expository mercer program authority of the money earner and bill payer. Miriam first submits—telling Odessa her husband Norman is a good man, but culturally limited. (We know Norman loves his family, having seen him name the streets in a new town subdivision after his wife and daughters, and happily taking home movies of his children.) The conversation between the ap french scoring two women, Miriam and Odessa, is of central importance. “What’s scaring you? Who you are, or who Mr. Thompson wants you to be?” Odessa asks Miriam. It is an example of the recourse to good sense and truth that African-Americans are sometimes (yes, that presentation of earthy wisdom is also a cliche, though here insight redeems it).

In the 2004 expository program conversation the women have moved beyond their roles as employer and employee, and essay are simply trying to express what they perceive and think, what is term, true. It is the first, but not the last, very significant encounter. Sissy Spacek as Miriam performs with ease and energy throughout the film, creating a character that is decent, fair, and intelligent rather than predictably liberal. Essay Scoring. Spacek makes a strong southern accent tolerable by about my brother investing her speech with awareness and sincerity. Ap French. “What involved me was the way John Cork’s screenplay did not simply paint the two women as emblems of a cause, but saw them as particular individuals who defined themselves largely through their roles as wives and mothers,” wrote film critic Roger Ebert in his March 22, 1991 Chicago Sun-Times commentary (however, Ebert identifies the narrator as Miriam’s teenage daughter, rather than being the memory of the youngest, Mary Catherine: the narrative essay about little girl who imitates Odessa’s ironing and loves her dolls and still believes in Santa). It is interesting to wonder, here and elsewhere, how the individual spirit is compromised by social roles, whether those roles are considered benign or malignant. Who are Miriam and ap french essay Odessa apart from their roles as wives and mothers? Miriam rebels, and her bond with Odessa grows into friendship but there is a break between Miriam and her husband, with the film ending with an image of interracial connection despite the threat of communal white male violence. The interracial friendship defies the strategies established to diminish African-American agency and accomplishment: strategies that require or encourage the maintenance of ignorance, the limited economic opportunity, the writing lack of social support, the ap french essay marginalization, and on usefulness of newspaper the harsh judgments; the whole system of ap french, values and money and power and imagery promoting whiteness and denigrating blackness. The human bond of essay, friendship, confirmed and ap french deepened by political participation, is a victory. The human presence—the body, mind, and spirit—is what is born, nurtured, and protected, and 2004 from program writing what is threatened, in society; and it is human value that perpetually must be fought for.

The arts—film and literature and music and paintings—express what is at stake in that struggle, and scoring how that struggle is narrative essay about, often won or loss; and critics, intellectuals, and scholars—working for knowledge, love, pleasure, power, pride, money, and essay fame—study the arts, understanding their form and content, evaluating, describing, preserving, and explaining their beauty, emotion, technique, and papers research meaning. Scoring. It is sad to complete guide papers research research think that the humanity of African-Americans as individuals or a group could be in doubt at this late date, but some prejudice remains, as personal experience attests and contemplation of the ap french essay cinema record confirms. In the anthology Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at the Movies , edited by Mia Mask and published by Routledge in 2012, are the articles “Paul Robeson and the End of his ‘Movie’ Career” by Charles Musser; “The Burden of the Beautiful Beast: Visualization and the Black Male Body” by Keith M. Essay About. Harris; “Reckless Eyeballing: Coonskin , Film Blackness and the Racial Grotesque” by ap french essay Michael B. Gillespie; “The Measure of Men: Legacies of Poitier’s A Piece of the paper in apa format Action ” by Ian Gregory Strachan; “ Bamboozled : In the ap french scoring Mirror of Abjection” by Ed Guerrero; “Between Documentary and the Avant-Garde: Exploring the research writing writing Visual Poetics of Ruins in Christopher Harris’s still/here ” by Terri Francis; “Who’s behind that Fat Suit? Momma, Madea, Rasputia and ap french essay the Politics of narrative about my brother, Cross-Dressing” by Mia Mask; “Disney’s Improvisation: New Orleans’ Second Line, Racial Masquerade and the Reproduction of Whiteness in The Princess and the Frog ” by Sarita McCoy Gregory; “Shadowboxing: Lee Daniels’s Nonrepresentational Cinema” by Alessandra Raengo; “‘I’m a Militant Queen’: Queering Blaxploitation Films” by Angelique Harris; and “Street Girls with No Future? Black Women Coming of Age in the City” by Paula J. Massood. Ap French Scoring. The editor Mia Mask is a Vassar College film professor who wrote the 2009 book Divas on Screen and Mask has contributed to Cineaste, Film and Literature, Film Quarterly and various publications. The other contributors are professors of film and African-American studies, political science, sociology, media and cultural studies, American studies, and English literature, with differentiating commitments to artistic styles, international films, female and male performers, and even health issues. The book Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and term in apa format Sexuality at ap french scoring the Movies is two-hundred and seventy-six pages of essays and complete papers research writing writing studies on films featuring and/or directed and produced by African-Americans, with a list of figures or illustrations, an acknowledgements page, a succinct introduction, short biographies of contributors, and an index to significant topics and references. The central texts vary in terms of difficulty and import, but they are all interesting reading to one extent or another; and the articles on the work of Paul Robeson and Sidney Poitier, and Spike Lee’s Bamboozled and Leslie Harris’s Just Another Girl on ap french scoring, the IRT were particularly rewarding, insightful texts on accessible films that present identifiable relationships, and ideas and situations of both conflict and value, and the possibility of art and criticism as avenues for cultural intervention. In a world that knows more about narrative about my brother, itself than ever, Mia Mask’s Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at the Movies , a survey of “the current state of African American Cinema Studies and the issues impacting black filmmaking” (page 1), assumes the international nature of art, the ap french availability of once obscure cultures, the prevalence and use of recording technology, the internet as a communication and distribution system, and the interaction of academic disciplines.

Mia Mask notes that in narrative essay about my brother, recent decades “film scholars became even more aware of, and familiar with, national cinemas of the ap french developing world” (page 3), and that fact, for one thing, has nurtured greater interest in 2004 from mercer, the neglected film cultures in the United States among its own scholars and critics and film viewers, though it remains difficult for essay blacks to make films within or welcomed by the mainstream cinema industry. The anthology demonstrates and explores the significance of the work that has been made. In Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at the Movies , Charles Musser’s essay on the actor, athlete, scholar and activist Paul Robeson, the writer Musser asserts that reception of Paul Robeson’s cinema work has been focused on its adherence to, or defiance of, stereotype, and that more emphasis could be placed on the actor’s participation in film form and in apa format strategy, on theater as a source for ap french essay scoring film, on Robeson as a film documentarian, and on an understanding of the artistic process and its difficulties. “We must try to be generous, and not just to Paul Robeson,” declares Charles Musser (page 17). Musser, who considers the Oscar Micheaux film Body and Soul (1925) that featured Paul Robeson as a critique of three plays Robeson had appeared in, points to the creation and reception of Robeson’s work in the motion picture Tales of Manhattan , a film in six different segments with themes of class, love, infidelity, morality, work, and crime, as an example of Musser’s concern with how Robeson’s work is seen. In the episodic 1942 film Tales of Manhattan , which presents American situations of wealth and poverty, north and south, Paul Robeson and Ethel Waters play a southern couple, Luke and Esther, who find money in a field, a gain that inspires moral discussion. What will be done with the money? Will Luke buy one or more tractors? Will the money be donated to the battered church, which has a greedy minister?

What is good, or evil? Yet, the roles of dissertation+methode+droit, Robeson and Waters were received by African- Americans and political liberals in the critical press as too simple, although the film attempted to use Luke and Esther to ap french essay scoring critique more sophisticated milieus and workplace privacy practices. Ap French. The film Tales of about privacy, Manhattan , which featured Charles Boyer, Rita Hayworth, Henry Fonda, Charles Laughton and essay other top performers interpreting the writing of paper, Alan Campbell, Ben Hecht, and Donald Ogden Stewart, produced by Sam Spiegel and Boris Morros and directed by Julien Duvivier, was intended to embody a communal progressive ethos; and scoring may be one more example of how good intentions can create controversy when it comes to politics. Perception defeated purpose. Even Robeson began to essay about privacy apologize for the film, assuming its reception negated the ideas of its purpose and construction. “Duvivier created an elegant, international style for Tales of Manhattan ,” asserts Musser (page 22). Ap French. If the honest but poor black people are accepted as the about my brother standard of morality in essay scoring, the film, as intended by the filmmakers, the other characters in the film look different. Is that perspective possible, even among liberals? Keith M. My Brother. Harris’s consideration of the black male body, and power, surveillance, and subjection, as they occur in the films Glory, Pulp Fiction, Traffic, Clockers, Beloved, Looking for Langston and various visual art works—including photographs and videos—is a bit sensational, with its academic language seeming a license for perverse speculation regarding desire and brutality in relation to the black male body, particularly regarding the submission and anal penetration of the black male body, whereas the discussion by Michael B. Gillespie of Ralph Bakshi’s animated (and live action) film Coonskin (1975) is an analysis of the predictable scandal surrounding the provocative depiction of black figures, involving criminals, and the migration from south to north, with sexual titillation involving miscegenation—and the ap french essay film is seen as an imaginative, satirical “exercise of the racial grotesque” (page 68). One can expect usually more dignity and illumination when the subject is on usefulness of newspaper, Sidney Poitier, a figure of excellence.

Sidney Poitier, an scoring intelligent and sensitive man, a good actor in No Way Out, Edge of the City, The Defiant Ones, Lilies of the essay Field , and In the Heat of the Night among other motion pictures from the ap french 1950s through the 1970s, and a likable model, has been celebrated and narrative about denigrated, in fact denigrated for the celebration that attended his work. The idea seems to have been: If you cannot have all the colored artists or stars you want, destroy the ones you do have. One intuits that some people—thinking that the truth must be ugly—always prefer trash to treasure and ap french scoring thus reject artists and thinkers of virtue. Essay About Privacy. How does one manage a significant career if a large part of the audience does not understand the imaginative freedom of art or the relationship of inspiring ideals to ap french scoring discouraging reality? “The isolation that menaces all American artists is multiplied a thousand times, and becomes absolutely crucial and research writing dangerous, for all black artists,” wrote James Baldwin in his sympathetic “Sidney Poitier” for Look magazine in July 1968 ( The Cross of Redemption , Pantheon, 2010; page 182). The conscientious Poitier hero found competition in new film figures in the early 1970s—in Sweet Sweetback, Shaft , and Super Fly , motion pictures with characters described by scholar Ian Gregory Strachan as “macho black heroes who were unrepentantly promiscuous; profane; violent; independent; were familiar with street life and the underworld (even if not a part of it, as in Shaft ’s case); and, above all, kicked whitey’s ass instead of kissing it” ( Contemporary Black American Cinema ; page 91). Within the paragraphs of Ian Gregory Strachan’s attentive discussion of Sidney Poitier’s work in “The Measure of scoring, Men,” Strachan shows how Poitier, an actor, director, and producer, recognized the dissertation+methode+droit criticism of Poitier’s work as too politely heroic and incorporated Poitier’s response in his own artistic productions, whether in drama or comedy: For Love of ap french essay scoring, Ivy, Buck and the Preacher, A Warm December, Uptown Saturday Night, Let’s Do it Again , and 2004 2005 collection expository from program writing A Piece of the Action . Ap French Essay Scoring. In A Piece of the Action (1977), Poitier presented a figure who is transgressive and a father figure, someone who is both bad and good if not complex: Manny Durrell (Poitier) is a person who steals from program street, organized crime men but respects education and teaches useable survival principles—rationality, competence, manners, practicality, and sensitivity—to angry, needy young students. It is the kind of complicated figure that Morgan Freeman ( Lean on Me ) and Samuel Jackson ( Coach Carter ) would play, that even Denzel Washington ( Antwone Fisher ), Laurence Fishburne ( Higher Learning ), Ving Rhames ( Baby Boy ), and other actors would play. In A Piece of the Action , Poitier presented a man of genuine good within the appearance of bad. Ap French Essay. (Is that a humane and thoughtful as well as a practical strategy, or a strategy of about, too great a moral compromise?) The real world experience—rather than abstract ideals—of Manny Durrell (Poitier) helps him to communicate with and help frustrated and disrespectful students who do not feel as if they are being prepared for a life of meaning or success. Still, Strachan notes how the film, while advocating personal responsibility, does not address systemic problems with African-American social participation and the assumption of a traditional masculine role of providing and protecting. One wonders: was Sidney Poitier or Denzel Washington ever more or less of a hero than most glamorous male stars?

Are not heroes usually embodiments of virtue? Heroes have abilities and essay scoring opportunities—and responsibilities—denied to dissertation+methode+droit most people. Are African-American films only to be portraits of enraging and torturous struggle; or is ap french scoring, personal victory, big and bold triumph, also allowed? Some of the most pleasing films have little or nothing to do with history, a political situation, or any kind of tragic pain for its lead African-American characters: Devil in a Blue Dress, Love Jones, A Rage in Harlem, The Secret Life of Bees , and of newspaper Undercover Brother . Do films in other traditions carry the same narrow expectations as those for blacks? Would it be useful to see more comparisons of essay scoring, how African-American films relate to the dominant American films (featuring Americans of European descent)? What is the relation of African-American films to the films of Europe or Africa and other locations? It is liberating to think of the diversity of classic, independent, and international films that have been enjoyed, and can be enjoyed: An American in Paris, Angels and Insects, Babette’s Feast, The Basileus Quartet, Beau Travail, Before Night Falls, Boesman and collection essay from street Lena, Chinese Box, The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, Dogville, East of ap french, Eden, Entre Nous, Far from Heaven, Farewell My Concubine, The Fast Runner, From Here to Eternity, Law of Desire, The Leopard, Liberal Arts, Moolaade, The Motorcycle Diaries, My Dinner with Andre, My Favorite Season, Nostalghia, Orlando, Oscar and Lucinda, Pather Panchali, The Perks of Being a Wallflower, The Pillow Book, Pixote, Rendezvous in Paris, Rosa Luxemburg, Secrets and Lies, Sexy Beast, Sugar Cane Alley, Thirty-two Short Films about Glenn Gould, A Time for paper in apa Drunken Horses, Time Regained, Strawberry and Chocolate, Taboo, Temptress Moon, The Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man, Xica da Silva, Walking and essay Talking, The Wedding Banquet, Wild Strawberries , and The Wind Will Carry Us and Wings of Desire and complete papers papers writing The Words . Will many people ever feel as great a wonder for African-American films featuring and directed by blacks? The common expectations for African-American film have been much less.

Ed Guerrero’s thorough and possibly classical commentary on Spike Lee’s furiously thoughtful motion picture Bamboozled (2000), in the book Contemporary Black American Cinema , is ap french essay, about the mocking image of blacks in complete guide papers research writing writing, media, interrogated in a Lee film informed by performance and political history and shaped by a brutally honest satirical thrust; and essay scoring the film Bamboozled is dramatic and documentary, telling the story of an complete guide papers research research writing writing African-American television writer who revives the minstrel tradition for a show that becomes popular. Spike Lee argues that blacks, like whites, have begun to ap french essay sell a variety of negative images of Negroes to gain social approval and financial reward. “White Americans tend to work out the narratives and scenes of their cinematic lives through a general process of affirmation , whereas black Americans struggle with the mysteries and tangles of their big screen issues and images through a generalized process of negation ,” declares Ed Guerrero in “ Bamboozled : In the Mirror of Abjection” (pages 109-110). The province of term, blacks is pathology; and while the image of blacks is often one of essay, abjection, that of complete guide research research writing writing, whites is frequently one of affirmation. Even in scoring, comedy, sometimes especially in comedy, black complexity and 2005 essay expository mercer program street humanity can be denied: is there anything more lethal than refusing to take someone seriously? Citations are made, on the negative side, of the minstrel tradition and of Bert Williams, and Jar Jar Binks in Star Wars , and the magical Negro in The Legend of Bagger Vance and the family mess—obesity, incest, violence, disease—in Precious ; and, on the positive side, are Hollywood Shuffle , White Man’s Burden , and ap french essay scoring Bulworth . Gangster films and hip-hop and violent forms of black nationalism can contribute—and have contributed—to the 2004 2005 collection essay expository mercer program writing perception of essay, pathology. The reader is apprehensive about Guerrero’s consistent binary oppositions, even as he/she can recognize the accuracy of Guerrero’s observations. In Spike Lee’s Bamboozled (2000), the dissertation+methode+droit television writer, Damon Wayans as Pierre Delacroix, learns that it is not possible for the images of blacks to be too foolish, too inhumane, or too negative to be believed. Yet, one wonders about the inclination to confuse the sign for the signified: images may be articulate and influential, but what is the nature of the authority behind an image? What are the scoring intellectual and financial and social roots of that authority, and what are its purposes, and how can it be defeated or transformed? Which ideas, and what spirit, and narrative my brother which practices can be transformative? In Bamboozled , it is violence that is presented as response, as retribution, in several instances—something that can be seen as intellectually and spiritually immature, though it is scoring, very American in its romantic and vicious practicality.

Of course, any corporate officers killed in Bamboozled , or in society, will be replaced—immediately, simply—by the term in apa system that produces and essay scoring appoints them. In other essays, Terri Francis parses the connections among experimental film, Hollywood film, history, and ordinary black life in about workplace privacy, Christopher Harris’s still/here , a sixty-minute documentary film construction centered on ruined buildings in St. Louis; and Mia Mask takes a closer view of the popular inclination of essay scoring, black men—Martin Lawrence, Tyler Perry, and Eddie Murphy—to appear in female drag in dissertation+methode+droit, cinema, and at the possibilities for empathy, burlesque, and homoeroticism that impersonation offers; and Sarita McCoy Gregory examines the ap french essay contradictory aspects of Disney’s first black princess, Tiana, a free and pretty New Orleans girl who is kissed and transformed by essay on usefulness of newspaper a frog prince, and whom for much of the film— The Princess and ap french scoring the Frog —is a frog rather than a girl, and paper format whose centrality in the film’s narrative is ap french scoring, subverted by a blonde girl. Do films present exact reflections, or more ambiguous traces—or realities only narrative about my brother imagined and essay scoring yet to be created? Different films do different things. How Lee Daniels evades some of the typical and static representations of race is the point of Alessandra Raengo’s essay on Shadowboxing and Precious (Bell Hooks takes a very different view—discussing Precious as degrading—in her own Routledge book Writing Beyond Race ). “Whereas the paradigm of the mirror focuses on the authenticity and truth-value of racial representations—that is, on the extent to which they adequately (or not) portray black people—the paradigm of the shadow emphasizes that race is not a characteristic of certain people, but is research writing, rather a (visual) way of understanding and expressing a set of relationships among people,” asserts Alessandra Raengo (page 201). The shadow—a kind of association or residue of image—connects but does not represent, Raengo says. For Raengo, Lee Daniels in Precious (2009) gives his dark, large title character an inner life with a recourse to fantasy, an offset to the incestuous abuse she suffers, and Daniels uses editing to provide answers to questions the girl has trouble addressing.

There is essay scoring, a creation of consciousness beyond the facts of body, circumstance, matter, and time. The African-American actor Cuba Gooding Jr. is a loving man whose business is violence and whose body is an ideal within built and natural environments of beauty, mystery, and danger in essay on usefulness, Lee Daniels’s film Shadowboxing (2005). In the film, about family, love, sex, responsibility, and ap french violence, “the erotic and the deadly are never neatly separated” (page 210). Natural fathers and mothers fail to protect, and adoptive parents assume responsibility. In an affair with his older and white and essay about workplace dying stepmother (Helen Mirren as Rose), a professional killer like him, Gooding as Mikey is a bringer of pleasure and of death: out of sympathy, Mikey kills the ill Rose while they are having sex. The usual boundaries—among blacks and essay whites, men and women, parents and children—are not determinate, are elided. Angelique Harris identifies the use of guide papers writing, gay characters as cinema scoundrels and jesters in her piece “‘I’m a Militant Queen’,” her study of ap french scoring, twenty urban action crime dramas circa the early 1970s, some of the about workplace privacy better known black exploitation—Blaxploitation—films: Harris finds hard black women, exploitive and ap french scoring violent, as sadistic lesbians in Coffy and Women in Cages —conceptions an artistic era removed from the essay more recent, acclaimed and complex Pariah ; and she finds effeminate black homosexual figures—queens, forever in exile—used for essay their humor and pride, and for the contrast—sometimes affirmative, sometimes satirical—that they present to masculine leads, in Sweet Sweetback, Friday Foster , and Shaft . “In all of the films that portray a queer character, or make mention of homosexuality, it is clear that sexual minorities are considered deviant. Papers Papers Research Writing Writing. Homosexuality is ap french, portrayed as abusive, blatantly offensive or humorous. The one notable exception to this pattern is the character Rollie, the openly gay Caucasian bartender in Shaft ,” Angelique Harris concludes (page 220). The point seems rather obvious and predictable for those old films. What is the best way to be in the world if the society in which you live sees your ethnicity or sexuality with antagonism?

What are your chances for sanity, stability, and success? I suppose, if one is not going to speak about great figures such as essayist James Baldwin and political strategist Bayard Rustin, there is something to be said about complete papers writing, and against essay some black gay men—the giggling, gossipy silliness and lack of intellectual range, the obsession with material things and sex, the envy and dissertation+methode+droit malice, and the pathetically desperate attempt to use racial animus against whites as a membership card with low-minded heterosexual blacks—but, in relation to the cinema, it might have been more fascinating to essay see analyses of black men who operate or attempt to operate in essay, society on the same level as the other characters, rather than below them or at the margins of ap french essay, their lives: Will Smith as the essay about workplace privacy class-defying and deceptive seducer of men in scoring, Six Degrees of Separation ; or Denzel Washington in another 1990s film, Jonathan Demme’s drama Philadelphia , as a homophobic married lawyer who goes through a changed consciousness when he takes on a white gay and dying client; or the essay workplace privacy two men, both prisoners, one black and one white, in scoring, a platonic love story, a friendship with the depth and loyalty of love, but without sex—Red (Morgan Freeman) and Andy (Tim Robbins), in Frank Darabont’s interpretation of complete papers papers research writing, a Stephen King story, The Shawshank Redemption (1994); or Dwight Ewell as the confident cosmopolitan lover of a married man with a lovely wife in ap french scoring, Hal Hartley’s Flirt (1995); or the successful New York black gay writer, Patrick played by on usefulness Rockmond Dunbar, who returns to ap french essay scoring his small-town southern home, after being told that a youthful dalliance with a girl has given him a son in Maurice Jamal’s comedy Dirty Laundry (2006). It would have been interesting to have black men—gay, bisexual, heterosexual, or celibate—who could be, and would be, eloquent about what they thought about affection and erotic pleasure, as well as other matters. The last essay is probably the best in Contemporary Black American Cinema: Race, Gender and Sexuality at essay from program street the Movies : Paula J. Massood’s thoughtful, warm analysis and appreciation of two independent films featuring African-American and Hispanic girls, Leslie Harris’s Just Another Girl on essay, the IRT and essay on usefulness of newspaper Jim McKay’s Our Song , in the article “Street Girls with No Future? Black Women Coming of ap french scoring, Age in essay expository from mercer, the City,” which shows how vital, and delightful, unique perspectives, forms, and stories can be to viewers used to conventional work.

Paula Massood does not present films or film characters and their lives as problems to be solved, or as problems that justify the authority or effort of a critic or scholar. (The films are solutions; and she recognizes them as solutions.) While being as factual and as thoughtful as possible, and without denying difficulties, Massood presents creative work worthy of celebration, films featuring exuberant colored girls at liberty in the city: Just Another Girl on the IRT and Our Song . Chantel is the ap french attractive and aware, irreverent working class main character in Leslie Harris’s Just Another Girl on dissertation+methode+droit, the IRT (1992), a high school junior, a good student, who wants to go to ap french medical school, and has decent, smart boyfriends, first Gerald then Tyrone, but wants to evade the usual entanglements of urban life, and essay workplace yet finds herself pregnant. The film creates an essay scoring intimacy with the Brooklyn girl through observation, her narration, and direct address to 2004 from program writing the camera: authority is given to the gaze and voice of essay, a black girl. Three young women are featured equally in Jim McKay’s Our Song (2000), with their diverse concerns—friendship, education, music, work, health, and pregnancy. The Brooklyn girls in Jim McKay’s film have not given themselves the same extensive permission to be themselves as in Leslie Harris’s film, but both films show the inability of the young to anticipate all the experiences and decisions that they are likely to face; and “McKay forgoes direct address and voice-over (more easily recognizable documentary conventions), instead opting for long takes and close-ups” (page 242). The respect of the filmmakers Leslie Harris and Jim McKay for their characters in those realistic narratives, and the respect of Paula Massood for the films in dissertation+methode+droit, her explication, comes through most vividly: that respect is a fundamental necessity in significant portraiture, and it heals the conflicted mind and scoring the wounded spirit. Individual freedom is protected by the laws of a democracy, but conformist customs, capitalist enticements, and criminality compete with, and about subvert, those protections. There are important institutions in society—churches, temples, schools, offices, clubs, organizations—that discourage difference, independent thought, originality, and passion. Ap French Scoring. One’s perception of opposition can inspire a greatly obstinate attitude.

It is rare for film, or any institution in the larger society, to present an ambitious, intelligent and narrative essay my brother furious person of color as admirable, as a complex figure who is interpreted as an embodiment of essay scoring, virtue, a difficult person but a person of complete papers research writing, value, someone who is worthy not only of acceptance but of love; and that is essay scoring, what Leslie Harris’s Just Another Girl on the IRT does. Chantel lives in conflict with areas of 2004 2005 collection expository from mercer program writing, her environment; and the conflict lives within her. Paula Massood observes of Chantel: “Her ambition, her academic excellence and her looks are, in Chantel’s opinion, real markers of ap french scoring, her difference (even though the film’s title ironically plays with this notion). It is, however, Chantel’s solipsistic confidence in being an exception that works against her best interests. Her most emotional—and poorly articulated—behavior is in of newspaper, reaction to criticism about her personality” (page 238).

Chantel answers her monoculture history teacher in a way that is essay scoring, heard as particularly rude, and when she is 2004 collection expository from program writing, sent to ap french essay scoring the principal’s office, the principal points to complete papers research writing Chantel’s language—Chantel curses sometimes—as proof that Chantel is not the kind of essay, person who would do well in college. Narrative About My Brother. Chantel does not fit the positive profile in the principal’s mind, although her grades are good. That attitude and essay scoring its negative consequence are recognizable—Chantel and her situation seem real. Chantel, who has to learn both official knowledge and radical views for her own survival, is narrative essay, expected to sit still for a history lesson that does not recognize the existence or contributions of Africans or African-Americans, though she knows better; and scoring she is not expected to defend herself or her ideas. “Harris gives Chantel control of the situation (and the complete guide papers writing scene) by ap french literally shutting out Mr. Moore’s lecture via a direct address sequence that privileges the teen’s voice and thoughts over the teacher’s,” notes Massood (page 238). Chantel is confident and knowing but she does not know enough to be diplomatic—but diplomacy can look and even feel like weakness when you are fighting for your life. That kind of conundrum does not make its way into essay of newspaper, many films, though it is felt by many people of color every day—and it is in Just Another Girl on the IRT . How are you to ap french scoring prosper without the kind of instruction and support that the privileged get as a matter of course?

How do you survive the rituals and rules that were not evolved for your benefit? How can you be both free and safe? How can you reconcile thought and emotion; and individuality and community? Chantel, attracted to a young man with money, betrays herself by not insisting on the use of guide papers research research, a condom when the two have sex, and she is alone with her dilemma—burdened by choices and what they mean—when she finds herself pregnant. Burdened by choices, as most of us are. (Essay submitted March 26, 2013) Daniel Garrett, a child of the American south, Louisiana, where he grew up reading, taking photographs, and ap french enjoying fishing and a good summer barbecue. Daniel moved to New York and became a graduate of the New School for Social Research, was an intern at Africa Report , poetry editor for the male feminist magazine Changing Men , founded and acted as principal organizer of the Cultural Politics Discussion Group at ABC No Rio and Poets House, wrote about painter Henry Tanner for Art Antiques , and organized the first interdepartmental environmental justice meeting at Audubon. Long interested in human complexity, intelligence, experiment, and cultural diversity, Garrett has researched various cultures, and he wrote about fiction and poetry for essay workplace privacy World Literature Today and international film for ap french essay scoring Offscreen , and complete guide papers research research has done music reviews that constitute a history of popular music for essay scoring The Compulsive Reader . His work has appeared as well in The African , All About Jazz , American Book Review , Black Film Review , Cinetext , Contact II , Film International , The Humanist , Hyphen , Illuminations , Muse Apprentice Guild , Option, Pop Matters , Quarterly Black Review of Books , Rain Taxi , Red River Review , Review of Contemporary Fiction , and Wax Poetics . He returned to the south, where he worked on complete papers papers research writing, philosophical fiction, the novel A Stranger on essay scoring, Earth . Monsters, Mad Scientists and Cultural Contexts of Horror. Celluloid Vampires Book Review: No Fang Left Unturned.

An Interview with Jill C. Nelson: Author of Golden Goddesses: 25 Legendary Women of Classic Erotic Cinema, 1968-1985. Shotgun Stories, Taking Shelter, Mud: Jeff Nichols’s Trilogy on the Transition of Fathers and Sons in paper, the Postmodern Era. Every Day is a New Day: Art, Biography, Criticism, and the Changing Fortunes of Diana Ross. Shirley Knight and the Performance of Gendered Race in Dutchman. “Woman, Thou Art Loosed” and “Moolaade” Rodney Evans’s Brother to Brother; or, “James Baldwin is Dead”

1997 2017 Offscreen, ISSN 1712-9559.

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outsider book report By H. P. Lovecraft. And all his warrior-guests, with shade and form. Of witch, and demon, and large coffin-worm, Were long be-nightmared. Unhappy is he to scoring whom the memories of childhood bring only essay on usefulness of newspaper, fear and scoring, sadness.

Wretched is he who looks back upon lone hours in vast and dismal chambers with brown hangings and maddening rows of antique books, or upon awed watches in 2005 collection essay street, twilight groves of grotesque, gigantic, and vine-encumbered trees that silently wave twisted branches far aloft. Ap French Essay Scoring. Such a lot the gods gave to meto me, the dazed, the disappointed; the barren, the collection essay expository street, broken. And yet I am strangely content, and cling desperately to those sere memories, when my mind momentarily threatens to ap french reach beyond to the other. I know not where I was born, save that the castle was infinitely old and infinitely horrible; full of dark passages and having high ceilings where the eye could find only cobwebs and shadows. The stones in the crumbling corridors seemed always hideously damp, and there was an accursed smell everywhere, as of the piled-up corpses of dead generations. It was never light, so that I used sometimes to 2004 2005 collection essay expository mercer program writing light candles and ap french scoring, gaze steadily at them for relief; nor was there any sun outdoors, since the on usefulness of newspaper, terrible trees grew high above the topmost accessible tower. There was one black tower which reached above the ap french, trees into guide research writing, the unknown outer sky, but that was partly ruined and could not be ascended save by ap french essay a well-nigh impossible climb up the sheer wall, stone by stone. I must have lived years in this place, but I cannot measure the time. About Privacy. Beings must have cared for my needs, yet I cannot recall any person except myself; or anything alive but the noiseless rats and bats and spiders.

I think that whoever nursed me must have been shockingly aged, since my first conception of ap french essay, a living person was that of something mockingly like myself, yet distorted, shrivelled, and decaying like the castle. To me there was nothing grotesque in the bones and skeletons that strowed some of the in apa format, stone crypts deep down among the foundations. Essay Scoring. I fantastically associated these things with every-day events, and 2004 2005 collection essay expository from mercer program street writing, thought them more natural than the coloured pictures of living beings which I found in many of the mouldy books. From such books I learned all that I know. No teacher urged or guided me, and I do not recall hearing any human voice in all those yearsnot even my own; for although I had read of speech, I had never thought to essay scoring try to speak aloud. Narrative About. My aspect was a matter equally unthought of, for there were no mirrors in the castle, and I merely regarded myself by instinct as akin to the youthful figures I saw drawn and painted in the books. I felt conscious of youth because I remembered so little.

Outside, across the putrid moat and under the essay, dark mute trees, I would often lie and dream for workplace, hours about what I read in essay, the books; and would longingly picture myself amidst gay crowds in the sunny world beyond the endless forest. Once I tried to escape from the forest, but as I went farther from the castle the shade grew denser and the air more filled with brooding fear; so that I ran frantically back lest I lose my way in a labyrinth of nighted silence. So through endless twilights I dreamed and waited, though I knew not what I waited for. Then in the shadowy solitude my longing for light grew so frantic that I could rest no more, and I lifted entreating hands to the single black ruined tower that reached above the forest into the unknown outer sky. And at last I resolved to scale that tower, fall though I might; since it were better to glimpse the sky and perish, than to live without ever beholding day. In the dank twilight I climbed the worn and aged stone stairs till I reached the level where they ceased, and thereafter clung perilously to small footholds leading upward. Ghastly and terrible was that dead, stairless cylinder of rock; black, ruined, and deserted, and sinister with startled bats whose wings made no noise. But more ghastly and terrible still was the slowness of my progress; for climb as I might, the darkness overhead grew no thinner, and dissertation+methode+droit, a new chill as of haunted and ap french essay scoring, venerable mould assailed me.

I shivered as I wondered why I did not reach the light, and would have looked down had I dared. I fancied that night had come suddenly upon me, and vainly groped with one free hand for a window embrasure, that I might peer out and above, and try to judge the height I had attained. All at once, after an infinity of awesome, sightless crawling up that concave and desperate precipice, I felt my head touch a solid thing, and dissertation+methode+droit, I knew I must have gained the ap french, roof, or at complete papers research research writing writing least some kind of ap french, floor. In the darkness I raised my free hand and tested the barrier, finding it stone and immovable. Then came a deadly circuit of the tower, clinging to dissertation+methode+droit whatever holds the ap french scoring, slimy wall could give; till finally my testing hand found the narrative essay about, barrier yielding, and I turned upward again, pushing the slab or door with my head as I used both hands in my fearful ascent. There was no light revealed above, and essay scoring, as my hands went higher I knew that my climb was for the nonce ended; since the slab was the trap-door of an aperture leading to a level stone surface of in apa format, greater circumference than the lower tower, no doubt the floor of ap french, some lofty and capacious observation chamber. I crawled through carefully, and tried to prevent the essay of newspaper, heavy slab from ap french scoring, falling back into place; but failed in the latter attempt. Essay My Brother. As I lay exhausted on the stone floor I heard the eerie echoes of its fall, but hoped when necessary to pry it open again.

Believing I was now at a prodigious height, far above the accursed branches of the wood, I dragged myself up from the floor and fumbled about for windows, that I might look for the first time upon the sky, and ap french essay, the moon and stars of which I had read. But on every hand I was disappointed; since all that I found were vast shelves of marble, bearing odious oblong boxes of disturbing size. More and more I reflected, and wondered what hoary secrets might abide in papers research writing, this high apartment so many aeons cut off from the castle below. Then unexpectedly my hands came upon a doorway, where hung a portal of essay, stone, rough with strange chiselling. Trying it, I found it locked; but with a supreme burst of strength I overcame all obstacles and dragged it open inward. As I did so there came to dissertation+methode+droit me the purest ecstasy I have ever known; for shining tranquilly through an ornate grating of ap french essay scoring, iron, and essay on usefulness, down a short stone passageway of scoring, steps that ascended from the newly found doorway, was the guide papers research writing, radiant full moon, which I had never before seen save in dreams and in vague visions I dared not call memories. Fancying now that I had attained the scoring, very pinnacle of the castle, I commenced to rush up the paper, few steps beyond the door; but the sudden veiling of the moon by a cloud caused me to stumble, and I felt my way more slowly in ap french essay scoring, the dark. It was still very dark when I reached the gratingwhich I tried carefully and found unlocked, but which I did not open for fear of falling from the amazing height to which I had climbed. Then the moon came out. Most daemoniacal of all shocks is 2004 collection from mercer program, that of the abysmally unexpected and grotesquely unbelievable. Nothing I had before undergone could compare in ap french scoring, terror with what I now saw; with the bizarre marvels that sight implied.

The sight itself was as simple as it was stupefying, for it was merely this: instead of a dizzying prospect of treetops seen from a lofty eminence, there stretched around me on a level through the grating nothing less than the solid ground, decked and diversified by marble slabs and guide writing writing, columns, and overshadowed by an ancient stone church, whose ruined spire gleamed spectrally in the moonlight. Half unconscious, I opened the grating and staggered out upon the white gravel path that stretched away in two directions. My mind, stunned and chaotic as it was, still held the frantic craving for ap french essay, light; and not even the fantastic wonder which had happened could stay my course. Narrative My Brother. I neither knew nor cared whether my experience was insanity, dreaming, or magic; but was determined to gaze on ap french essay brilliance and gaiety at any cost. I knew not who I was or what I was, or what my surroundings might be; though as I continued to stumble along I became conscious of about workplace, a kind of fearsome latent memory that made my progress not wholly fortuitous. I passed under an arch out of that region of slabs and columns, and ap french essay, wandered through the open country; sometimes following the visible road, but sometimes leaving it curiously to tread across meadows where only occasional ruins bespoke the guide papers, ancient presence of a forgotten road. Once I swam across a swift river where crumbling, mossy masonry told of a bridge long vanished. Over two hours must have passed before I reached what seemed to be my goal, a venerable ivied castle in a thickly wooded park; maddeningly familiar, yet full of perplexing strangeness to me. I saw that the moat was filled in, and ap french scoring, that some of the narrative essay my brother, well-known towers were demolished; whilst new wings existed to confuse the beholder.

But what I observed with chief interest and delight were the open windowsgorgeously ablaze with light and sending forth sound of the gayest revelry. Advancing to one of these I looked in and saw an oddly dressed company, indeed; making merry, and speaking brightly to essay scoring one another. Dissertation+methode+droit. I had never, seemingly, heard human speech before; and could guess only vaguely what was said. Essay Scoring. Some of the faces seemed to hold expressions that brought up incredibly remote recollections; others were utterly alien. I now stepped through the low window into the brilliantly lighted room, stepping as I did so from my single bright moment of hope to dissertation+methode+droit my blackest convulsion of despair and realisation. The nightmare was quick to ap french essay scoring come; for as I entered, there occurred immediately one of the most terrifying demonstrations I had ever conceived. Scarcely had I crossed the sill when there descended upon the whole company a sudden and dissertation+methode+droit, unheralded fear of hideous intensity, distorting every face and evoking the most horrible screams from nearly every throat. Flight was universal, and in the clamour and panic several fell in essay scoring, a swoon and were dragged away by their madly fleeing companions. Many covered their eyes with their hands, and dissertation+methode+droit, plunged blindly and awkwardly in their race to escape; overturning furniture and stumbling against the walls before they managed to reach one of the many doors. The cries were shocking; and as I stood in the brilliant apartment alone and dazed, listening to ap french their vanishing echoes, I trembled at the thought of what might be lurking near me unseen.

At a casual inspection the room seemed deserted, but when I moved toward one of the paper in apa format, alcoves I thought I detected a presence therea hint of motion beyond the golden-arched doorway leading to another and somewhat similar room. As I approached the arch I began to perceive the presence more clearly; and then, with the ap french essay, first and last sound I ever uttereda ghastly ululation that revolted me almost as poignantly as its noxious causeI beheld in full, frightful vividness the inconceivable, indescribable, and unmentionable monstrosity which had by its simple appearance changed a merry company to papers papers research research a herd of scoring, delirious fugitives. I cannot even hint what it was like, for it was a compound of all that is 2004 2005 collection expository from program street, unclean, uncanny, unwelcome, abnormal, and detestable. Essay. It was the ghoulish shade of decay, antiquity, and desolation; the putrid, dripping eidolon of unwholesome revelation; the workplace, awful baring of that which the merciful earth should always hide. God knows it was not of this worldor no longer of this worldyet to my horror I saw in its eaten-away and bone-revealing outlines a leering, abhorrent travesty on the human shape; and in its mouldy, disintegrating apparel an unspeakable quality that chilled me even more. I was almost paralysed, but not too much so to ap french essay scoring make a feeble effort toward flight; a backward stumble which failed to break the spell in which the nameless, voiceless monster held me. My eyes, bewitched by the glassy orbs which stared loathsomely into dissertation+methode+droit, them, refused to close; though they were mercifully blurred, and shewed the terrible object but indistinctly after the first shock. I tried to raise my hand to shut out the ap french scoring, sight, yet so stunned were my nerves that my arm could not fully obey my will.

The attempt, however, was enough to complete papers papers research writing writing disturb my balance; so that I had to stagger forward several steps to avoid falling. As I did so I became suddenly and agonisingly aware of the nearness of the carrion thing, whose hideous hollow breathing I half fancied I could hear. Ap French Essay. Nearly mad, I found myself yet able to collection expository mercer writing throw out scoring a hand to term in apa format ward off the foetid apparition which pressed so close; when in one cataclysmic second of cosmic nightmarishness and hellish accident my fingers touched the rotting outstretched paw of the monster beneath the golden arch. I did not shriek, but all the fiendish ghouls that ride the night-wind shrieked for me as in that same second there crashed down upon my mind a single and fleeting avalanche of soul-annihilating memory. I knew in that second all that had been; I remembered beyond the frightful castle and the trees, and recognised the altered edifice in which I now stood; I recognised, most terrible of all, the unholy abomination that stood leering before me as I withdrew my sullied fingers from its own. But in the cosmos there is essay scoring, balm as well as bitterness, and dissertation+methode+droit, that balm is nepenthe. In the supreme horror of that second I forgot what had horrified me, and the burst of black memory vanished in a chaos of ap french essay, echoing images. In a dream I fled from that haunted and accursed pile, and ran swiftly and silently in the moonlight. Essay Privacy. When I returned to ap french scoring the churchyard place of marble and went down the steps I found the essay privacy, stone trap-door immovable; but I was not sorry, for I had hated the antique castle and the trees. Ap French Scoring. Now I ride with the mocking and complete papers research writing writing, friendly ghouls on the night-wind, and play by day amongst the catacombs of Nephren-Ka in the sealed and unknown valley of Hadoth by the Nile. I know that light is not for me, save that of the moon over the rock tombs of Neb, nor any gaiety save the unnamed feasts of Nitokris beneath the Great Pyramid; yet in my new wildness and freedom I almost welcome the bitterness of alienage.

For although nepenthe has calmed me, I know always that I am an outsider; a stranger in this century and essay scoring, among those who are still men. This I have known ever since I stretched out my fingers to the abomination within that great gilded frame; stretched out my fingers and touched a cold and unyielding surface of polished glass.

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Ultimate Guide to the AP French Language and Culture Exam

8 Tips for Dazzling an Editor With Your Personal Essay. Ironically, as a reader, I never used to be a fan of ap french essay scoring anthologies or personal essay collections. As a teacher, I did love showing students how to write personal essays or short memoir pieces. Essay! As an essay English teacher and a writing instructor, it often felt miraculous to me how a mediocre piece could be transformed in just a few short weeks through revision, how a piece could evolve from bland and cliched to raw, powerful, and beautiful. But I never liked reading short pieces in my leisure time. It wasn't until I started writing as a blogger and freelance writer that I started to dissertation+methode+droit, appreciate collections of personal essays as a genre. I love seeing writers that I know online take different perspectives and approach topics with unique styles. Ap French Scoring! As a parent, reading about other mothers' experiences from so many different angles has helped me gain insight into myself as a mother. 2004 2005 Collection Essay Expository Mercer Program Street! I've been thinking a lot about personal essays from three different perspectives: as a reader, as a writer, and now as an editor. I've been trying my hand at publishing my own pieces, and I know that it's hard (really hard) to write a great personal essay. After our call for submissions for My Other Ex: Women's True Stories of Leaving and Losing Friends , to be published in September, I also spent months reading essays with an editor's eye, trying to decide which pieces to accept and which to pass on.

And that was just as hard. And it occurred to essay scoring, me as a beginning editor that we editors are not often transparent about what we are looking for. I'm lucky in the sense that I taught writing and developed writing curricula for well over a decade, and all of the best practices (and unwritten rules) of dissertation+methode+droit memoir and essay writing are (somewhat) fresh in my mind. But most of us writers haven't taken an English class in quite a while. And we aren't recent MFA graduates either. So here's what I think -- as a teacher, writer, editor, and reader -- about the scoring ingredients of a great personal essay, one that is carefully crafted to draw in a reader, make her care about a topic, and keep reading.

1. Use what you know about good fiction and storytelling . You should develop characters, settings, and plot (a sequence of essay about my brother events) into a story. Use sensory details and scoring vivid description to create separate, carefully chosen scenes. 2. On Usefulness Of Newspaper! Combine the personal and the universal . This is your story, your life, your emotions but your writing should also express and reveal a larger meaning, a theme, a deeper truth, beyond the surface details of plot and character. 3. Find your voice . More importantly, find your unique voice that is scoring, best for each piece, or different moments of the same piece. As Kate Hopper, in paper in apa format, the invaluable Use Your Words: A Writing Guide for ap french scoring, Mothers, explains, voice is: the essay about feel, language, tone, and syntax that makes a writer's writing unique. Ap French Scoring! In nonfiction, voice is you, but not necessarily the term in apa you sitting in front of the computer typing away. Voice can be molded by essay scoring, a writer to serve the subject about which she is writing. It might take a while to find the on usefulness of newspaper best voice for a piece.

Is the right voice ironic, funny, anxious, playful, breathless, or solemn? We all have multiple identities and show different parts of ourselves at different times. Ap French Essay! Use that versatility in your writing. 4. Alternate focusing in and focusing out . Choose specific and compelling moments, memories, and feelings, and hone in on dissertation+methode+droit them, using those particular moments to help to convey theme and purpose. Pretend you are using a video camera to focus in scoring, and out, slowing down the action, like a cinematographer, very purposefully to guide the reader toward what's important in the piece. 5. Be specific, not general. This is what I called The Rule of the Pebble to guide papers research writing, my students (thanks to Nancie Atwell, my writing teacher guru). It basically means don't write about a general topic or idea; write about one particular person, place, time, object, or experience. In other words, don't try to ap french scoring, write about privacy all pebbles everywhere (or love or friendship or football or sunsets).

Write about this one particular pebble (or the friend that broke your heart freshman year, or the sunset that you saw last night, or memory, or place), its meaning to you, the concrete details that shape how you think about essay it. 6. E xperiment and play . Try out dissertation+methode+droit different literary devices and techniques, such as similes, personification, and metaphors. Or experiment with using different sentence lengths strategically. Ap French Essay Scoring! Use repetition, of words, of lines, of phrases. Essay About! Play with imagery.

Many of these devices should only be used sparingly, but, used effectively, they can add surprises and richness to ap french scoring, your writing. 7. Learn the difference between revision and narrative about my brother editing . You must do both. It's easy as a writer to focus on spelling errors and sentence structure, rather than making big (painful) changes to our writing. Revision means to look again. You do things like: make sure that your theme and purpose for ap french, writing are clear; try out different leads (ways to begin the guide papers research writing writing piece); rethink your conclusion; change the organization. In editing, a separate stage, we do things like catch run-on sentences, fix errors in punctuation or spelling, or replace overused words and expressions. 8. Read, read, read, and read some more . What all writers have in common, as far as I know, is that they're constantly reading. They pay attention to ap french, their favorite writer's craft and style and term try them out in their own writing. They internalize the essay beauty and the utility of the perfect word, the perfect sentence, and the perfect metaphor. What are your favorite personal essays? Whose writing do you turn to as models for your own writing?

To learn more about The HerStories Project and its next essay collection about friendship breakups, My Other Ex: Women's True Stories of Leaving and Losing Friends , visit the HerStories website.

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L examen en dtail - AP French Language and Culture - Resources

essays by emerson [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from a number of ap french essay, commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the on usefulness of newspaper, most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the poor man, whom the ap french essay, law does not allow to take an essay on usefulness, ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for scoring, his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the dissertation+methode+droit, rich, and ap french say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in the elements, but, by further provision, in the languages, in sciences, in the useful and in collection essay program street, elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at ap french scoring last, the ripest results of art and dissertation+methode+droit science.

Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men. All the fairy tales of Aladdin or the ap french, invisible Gyges or the taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the workplace privacy, enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of intellectual enlargement. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into essay the perceiving state, leaves the of newspaper, din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and ap french essay scoring down, around, all limits disappear. No horizon shuts down. He sees things in term, their causes, all facts in their connection.

One of the problems of history is the beginning of civilization. The animals that accompany and serve man make no progress as races. Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the skill to essay scoring, their race. Each individual must be taught anew. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the unteachableness of the beast. For a thousand years the islands and forests of term in apa format, a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed. Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to ap french scoring, compare with these as these compare with the bear and the wolf. Victory over things is the paper in apa, office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and insult of things over him. Ap French Scoring! His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the world is only his teacher, and the nature of essay on usefulness of newspaper, sun and moon, plant and animal only means of arousing his interior activity.

Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the essay scoring, fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool. The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is on usefulness, a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and ap french fenced and complete guide papers research research planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant. He too must come into ap french this magic circle of relations, and know health and sickness, the fear of on usefulness of newspaper, injury, the desire of external good, the charm of riches, the scoring, charm of essay about, power. The household is a school of ap french essay, power. There, within the door, learn the 2005 from street, tragicomedy of human life. Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for ap french essay, which day and 2005 expository street night go round. Essay! In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and sever. Essay Of Newspaper! Here is poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of ap french scoring, character are told, the guards of 2004 collection from program, man, the scoring, guards of woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Narrative Essay! Here is Economy, and Glee, and Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and Hope.

Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the desire of power inspires! What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts. Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. It is a constant teaching of the laws of matter and essay of mind, No dollar of property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. It is a constant contest with the active faculties of men, a study of the issues of one and another course of action, an accumulation of power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business. As every wind draws music out of the Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind.

Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and about workplace unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for this end man is fitted to the world? What leads him to science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to ap french scoring, age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in giddy distances and frightful periods of duration. If Newton come and first of men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of complete papers research research writing, bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of scoring, his native planet, but he reports the condition of millions of worlds which his eye never saw. And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the secrets of essay about, chemical composition and decomposition possess for ap french, Humboldt. What but that much revolving of similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in paper, its transparent chambers the means of classifying the most refractory phenomena, of depriving, them of all casual and ap french essay scoring chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to dissertation+methode+droit, a bright reason of its own, and scoring so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in every district and particle of the globe.

By the permanence of Nature, minds are trained alike, and made intelligible to each other. In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust. In some sort the end of life is that the man should take up the universe into himself, or out of dissertation+methode+droit, that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Essay Scoring! Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to 2004 2005 collection from street writing, import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by comprehending their relation and law. Ap French! Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and research research writing ethics of the design of the world. For truly the population of the ap french scoring, globe has its origin in the aims which their existence is to serve; and so with every portion of them.

The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an essay, idea always overhangs, like the moon, and rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of a generation. Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is essay scoring, ever invited inward into shining realms of knowledge and power by the shows of the essay workplace, world, which interpret to him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of a just education to awaken him to the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of essay, life. Day creeps after day, each full of term paper, facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. The time we seek to kill: the attention it is ap french, elegant to divert from dissertation+methode+droit, things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and gems in one of these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is a rock of diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the shower, the ap french essay scoring, steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. If I have renounced the search of truth, if I have come into the port of some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of on usefulness, prolific time into multitude of life every hour. I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and given the key to essay scoring, another to keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into the mind; that there is essay about, no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character.

I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed. It is ominous, a presumption of crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man.

Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. Ap French Essay Scoring! If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of dividing men by the trenchant sword of 2005 collection essay expository from mercer program street writing, his thought, education should unsheathe and scoring sharpen it; if he is one to paper, cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action! If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. The imagination must be addressed. Ap French Essay! Why always coast on the surface and never open the interior of nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by papers writing writing poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind?

Yet what teaching, what book of this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is not manworthy. If the vast and ap french essay the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral. It does not make us brave or free. We teach boys to be such men as we are.

We do not teach them to aspire to be all they can.. We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. We scarce educate their bodies. Dissertation+methode+droit! We do not train the eye and the hand. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to ap french essay scoring, a skill in 2004 collection expository mercer writing, numbers, in words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to scoring, inspire the youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. A man is a little thing whilst he works by and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of dissertation+methode+droit, love and justice, is godlike, this word is current in all countries; and ap french all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own.

In affirming that the essay mercer street writing, moral nature of man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from ap french essay scoring, wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man. It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. Dissertation+methode+droit! He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and essay scoring wearisome through the monotony of his thought. It is narrative essay, not less necessary that the intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Let us apply to essay scoring, this subject the light of the same torch by which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other. The old man thinks the term, young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him. Essay Scoring! Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to explain himself to so hard an inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair.

I call our system a system of despair, and I find all the correction, all the revolution that is needed and that the essay, best spirits of this age promise, in one word, in Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to scoring, know and do, Let us wait and see what is this new creation, of what new organ the 2004 collection expository mercer street writing, great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in the field, all the gods in ap french essay, the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in essay on usefulness of newspaper, his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and opinions. The charm of life is this variety of genius, these contrasts, and flavors by ap french which Heaven has modulated the identity of truth, and there is a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is done him, will nobly disappoint.

By working on about the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in us lies to defeat his proper promise and produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and way of thinking and being on a young soul to which they are totally unfit. Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to a neat and safe uniformity, as the Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ap french essay, ancient art which the Greeks left on paper their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the same liberal ticket of admission to all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the essay scoring, asides. There are no secrets from them, they know everything that befalls in paper, the fire company, the merits of every engine and of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the engineer to let them ride with him and essay pull the handles when it goes to the engine-house. They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an hour ago, in the arithmetic class.

They know truth from counterfeit as quick as the 2005 essay from writing, chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and have given you the essay scoring, benefit of paper, their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for stroke-oar until they can row: and I desire to be saved from ap french scoring, their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers.

Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the mixture of fun and earnest, reproach and coaxing, love and wrath, with which the game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard. How we envy in later life the happy youths to whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of Horace. Paper Format! The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to ap french scoring, Homer, to Virgil, to college songs, to Walter Scott; and Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to essay, see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and ap french essay scoring campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of bad. That stormy genius of his needs a little direction to essay expository mercer program street, games, charades, verses of society, song, and a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends.

Friendship is an order of essay, nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and dullness, and requires of essay on usefulness of newspaper, each only the flower of his nature and experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by practice the ap french scoring, law of conversation, namely, to complete research research writing, hear as well as to speak. Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of passion and sense, which by scoring a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and power has ever been an escape from too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by denial and collection essay street writing renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the more is scoring, taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of being is made known to us. The solitary knows the essence of the thought, the scholar in society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in 2005 essay expository from mercer writing, that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and lonely life.

Let him study the art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny. Ap French Scoring! Why cannot he get the good of his doom, and if it is from eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and papers papers research writing writing make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the ap french essay, most genial and amiable of men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons. There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the power of beauty, the power of books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to put novels into the hands of young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi. They teach the same truth--a trust, against all appearances, against all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil.

It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do. It is chosen and foreordained, and he only holds the key to his own secret. By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of paper in apa, his own. Respect the child. Wait and see the new product of Nature. Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions. Ap French Essay! Respect the child. Collection Essay Expository From Street Writing! Be not too much his parent. Trespass not on his solitude.

But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the young child to the mad career of his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for essay scoring, the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the about, companion of his thought, the ap french essay scoring, friend of paper format, his friendship, the lover of ap french essay, his virtue--but no kinsman of his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of about, his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in the very direction to ap french essay scoring, which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and narrative Drill. This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in scoring, mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. Guide Writing! This is the perpetual romance of ap french essay scoring, new life, the essay on usefulness of newspaper, invasion of essay, God into the old dead world, when he sends into quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is 2004 essay expository mercer program street writing, not met, looking for something which is not there, but which ought to be there: the thought is dim but it is sure, and he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the by-standers.

Baffled for want of language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in this house or town, yet in some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will. Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into cities, the fool of an idea. Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into ap french scoring the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this. He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the language; he read history and studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the sculptor; he invoked the assistance of the English Government; he called in the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of experts in coins, of scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to about, England such statues and marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in ap french scoring, the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the dissertation+methode+droit, Parthenon of Athens, and which had been destroyed by essay scoring earthquakes, then by iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks. But mark that in the task be had achieved an excellent education, and papers research writing writing become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in essay, his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the 2005 from mercer program street, masters, whom he sought. Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the essay, two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible.

Accuracy is essential to beauty. The very definition of the intellect is Aristotle's: that by which we know terms or boundaries. Give a boy accurate perceptions. Teach him the difference between the similar and essay my brother the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the child arithmetic and Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of performance; it is ap french scoring, made certain that the complete guide research writing, lesson is mastered, and that power of ap french essay, performance is worth more than the knowledge. He can learn anything which is complete guide papers research writing, important to him now that the power to learn is secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is easy to work at essay scoring a new craft.

Letter by papers writing letter, syllable by syllable, the child learns to scoring, read, and in good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and essay on usefulness the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten. But this function of opening and feeding the ap french essay, human mind is not to be fulfilled by any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself. You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and intermeddling we are, and what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong.

Whilst we all know in term in apa, our own experience and apply natural methods in our own business -- in ap french, education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities. The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to complete guide papers research writing writing, it. The whole theory of the school is on essay the nurse's or mother's knee. The child is as hot to learn as the mother is to impart. There is mutual delight. Essay Of Newspaper! The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from some skillful aunt who loves to essay, tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to learn to skate; to essay, coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is just as well pleased to teach him these sciences. Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of essay, teaching and learning the secret of 2004 2005 collection essay expository from program, algebra, or of chemistry, or of good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in ap french essay, history or in biography. Nature provided for the communication of thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in workplace, every science. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to witness a new surgical operation.

I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the young man who has taste for poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in dealing out his treasures. Happy the natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the essay, young men of Athens around Socrates; of 2004 2005 essay street, Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of every leading mind. But the moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to essay, be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is on usefulness of newspaper, born with some determination in essay, his nature, and is a potential genius; is at 2005 expository street writing last to be one; it is, in ap french, the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of narrative essay, their minds. They are more sensual than intellectual. Appetite and indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for these many, and scoring not for those few. Hence the instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association.

You have to work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. But what doth such a school to form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire? What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to the human race? What discoverer of Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity?

What tranquil mind will it have fortified to walk with meekness in private and obscure duties, to wait and to suffer? Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and essay heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and essay children should be treated as the high-born candidates of truth and essay about workplace privacy virtue? So to essay, regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in collection expository mercer program, the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue.

Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in the bud of the aloe the blossom at the end of ap french scoring, a hundred years. Alas for the cripple Practice when it seeks to come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it. Try your design on the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and capacities.

It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse. Each requires so much consideration, that the narrative essay my brother, morning hope of the ap french, teacher, of a day of love and progress, is often closed at evening by despair. Each single case, the more it is considered, shows more to be done; and complete papers papers writing the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and the number of tasks, on the other. Whatever becomes of our method, the conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils. Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at some future day to adopt. Of course the essay scoring, devotion to term in apa, details reacts injuriously on the teacher.

He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in personal relations with young friends, when his eye is always on the clock, and twenty classes are to be dealt with before the day is done. Ap French Essay! Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into guide papers research writing writing every school and requires a cruel share of time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is ap french scoring, grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the narrative essay, judge of a police court, and his love of learning is lost in the routine of grammars and books of elements. A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to keep a school so. Essay! It facilitates labor and thought so much that there is always the temptation in large schools to dissertation+methode+droit, omit the ap french essay, endless task of meeting the wants of essay, each single mind, and to govern by steam. But it is at frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to essay, save labor; to collection, do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by essay one: say rather, the whole world is needed for the tuition of narrative essay my brother, each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on essay slow and on bad natures, and is of so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine.

On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and the following of nature involves at once immense claims on the time, the thoughts, on the Life of the teacher. About! It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of God; and only to think of using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great. It is precisely analogous to the difference between the use of corporal punishment and the methods of love. It is so easy to ap french essay scoring, bestow on a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance.

Now the correction of this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and adopt the 2005 essay expository mercer program street, pace of Nature. Her secret is patience. Ap French Essay Scoring! Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of dissertation+methode+droit, reptiles, of fishes, of the rivers and the sea? When he goes into essay scoring the woods the birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the fish and the reptile swim away and leave him alone. His secret is 2004 collection from mercer writing, patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his. By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and beast, which all wish to return to essay, their haunts, begin to return.

He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. They lose their fear. They have curiosity too about him. By and by essay on usefulness of newspaper the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well. Ap French Essay Scoring! Can you not baffle the on usefulness, impatience and passion of the child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do? Can you not keep for his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to ap french essay scoring, the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer? He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of man; give him time and essay on usefulness of newspaper opportunity. Talk of Columbus and Newtonl.

I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. Ap French! But you must have the believing and on usefulness of newspaper prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to inspire. Your teaching and discipIine must have the reserve and taciturnity of Nature. Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own.

Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye. See what they need, and that the right thing is done. I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in our ways of teaching. No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the ap french essay, overseers or visitors of an academy, of papers research writing, a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. The will, the male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the workman to essay scoring, overvalue and overuse it and precludes him from essay my brother, finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of resistance, is more subtle and lasting and essay scoring creative.

I advise teachers to cherish mother-wit. I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in dissertation+methode+droit, order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought. If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is essay, not shared by narrative essay those about essay scoring you, tell them that. Set this law up, whatever becomes of the essay on usefulness, rules of the essay scoring, schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. They shall have no book but school-books in essay, the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and understands what be reads, put him at once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the medal from the head of the class and give it on essay the instant to the brave rescuer. If a child happens to show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in 2005 essay expository from mercer street, your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him!

To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is ap french essay scoring, committed to dissertation+methode+droit, educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all. By your own act you teach the behold how to do the practicable. According to scoring, the depth from which you draw your life, such is the depth not only essay on usefulness of newspaper, of your strenuous effort, but of your manners and presence. Essay! The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on in absolute duty, and term you lend an arm and ap french scoring an encouragement to all the youth of the about workplace, universe. Consent yourself to be an organ of essay, your highest thought, and complete papers research writing lo! suddenly you put all men in your debt, and are the fountain of an essay scoring, energy that goes pulsing on with waves of essay about privacy, benefit to the borders of society, to the circumference of things. See also the following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr. Emerson as Teacher.

In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp. 180-190.